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Table 2 Outcomes and progress of children with SAM during treatment by study group

From: Effects of unconditional cash transfers on the outcome of treatment for severe acute malnutrition (SAM): a cluster-randomised trial in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Parameters Intervention arm Control arm P valuea
Number (%) 734 (49.6) 747 (50.4)
Recovery, n (%) 707 (96.3) 660 (88.4) <0.001
Non-response, n (%) 5 (0.7) 23 (3.1) 0.016
Defaulter, n (%) 10 (1.4) 45 (6.0) <0.001
Death, n (%) 4 (0.5) 6 (0.8) 0.759
Length of stay (week), mean (SD) 6.77 ±2.31 7.04 ±2.77 0.541
Length/height change (mm/week), mean (SD) 0.55 ±1.15 0.39 ±1.18 0.554
HAZ change (Z-score/month), mean (SD) –0.15 ±0.24 –0.18 ±0.23 0.278
Weight change (gram/kg/day), mean (SD)b 4.37 ±1.88 3.84 ±1.98 0.021
WAZ change (Z-score/month), mean (SD)b 0.79 ±0.39 0.67 ±0.41 0.011
WHZ change (Z-score/month), mean (SD)b 1.41 ±0.57 1.25 ±0.64 0.026
BMIZ change (Z-score/month), mean (SD)b 1.49 ±0.60 1.33 ±0.68 0.038
MUAC change (mm/day), mean (SD) 0.30 ±0.13 0.29 ±0.16 0.552
MUACZ-age change (Z-score/month), mean (SD) 0.91 ±0.39 0.86 ±0.49 0.493
MUACZ-ht change (Z-score/month), mean (SD) 0.95 ±0.41 0.92 ±0.51 0.604
IDDS change, mean (SD) 1.30 ±1.54 0.42 ±1.29 0.008
  1. aComparisons between arms were made by using linear mixed-effects models for continuous outcomes, whereas mixed-effects logistic regression models were used for proportions, with health centre as random effects
  2. bChildren with oedema were excluded from the analysis of parameters including weight
  3. HAZ height-for-age Z-score, WAZ weight-for-age Z-score, BMIZ body mass index for age Z-score, MUACZ-age mid-upper arm circumference for age Z-score, MUACZ-ht mid-upper arm circumference for height Z-score