Skip to main content

Table 6 Overall changes over the 6-month period by study group (intention to treat)

From: Effects of unconditional cash transfers on the outcome of treatment for severe acute malnutrition (SAM): a cluster-randomised trial in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Parameters Intervention arm Control arm P valuea
Number (%) 734 (49.6) 747 (50.4)
Length/height change (mm/week), mean (SD) 1.14 ±1.00 1.17 ±0.88 0.644
HAZ change (Z-score/month), mean (SD) –0.05 ±0.15 –0.04 ±0.12 0.578
Weight change (gram/kg/day), mean (SD)b 1.86 ±0.68 1.41 ±0.74 <0.001
WAZ change (Z-score/month), mean (SD)b 0.25 ±0.11 0.16 ±0.12 <0.001
WHZ change (Z-score/month), mean (SD)b 0.45 ±0.18 0.30 ±0.18 0.001
BMIZ change (Z-score/month), mean (SD)b 0.48 ±0.21 0.33 ±0.20 0.005
MUAC change (mm/day), mean (SD) 0.12 ±0.04 0.08 ±0.04 <0.001
MUACZ-age change (Z-score/month), mean (SD) 0.33 ±0.11 0.22 ±0.12 <0.001
MUACZ-ht change (Z-score/month), mean (SD) 0.35 ±0.11 0.24 ±0.12 <0.001
IDDS change, mean (SD) 1.53 ±1.44 0.59 ±1.24 0.013
HDDS change, mean (SD) 2.34 ±1.91 0.44 ±1.41 <0.001
HDDS category, n (%)      <0.001
 Lowest dietary diversity (≤3 food groups) 66 (9.0) 194 (26.0)  
 Medium dietary diversity (4–5 food groups) 205 (27.9) 358 (47.9)  
 High dietary diversity (≥6 food groups) 439 (59.8) 126 (16.9)  
 Lost to follow-upc 24 (3.3) 69 (9.2)  
FCS change, mean (SD) 19.9 ±13.1 5.7 ±13.1 <0.001
FCS category, n (%)      <0.001
 Poor (score 0 - 28) 2 (0.3) 11 (1.5)  
 Borderline (score 28.5–42) 26 (3.5) 175 (23.4)  
 Acceptable (score >42) 682 (92.9) 492 (65.9)  
 Lost to follow-upc 24 (3.3) 69 (9.2)  
  1. aComparisons between arms were made by using linear mixed-effects models for continuous outcomes, whereas mixed-effects logistic regression models were used for proportions, with health centre as random effects
  2. bChildren with oedema were excluded from the analysis of parameters including weight
  3. cNinety-three participants were dead, defaulters, unknown or withdrew from the study