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Table 4 Prevalence of comorbidities among the 10 selected chronic diseases (%, n = 469,255)a

From: The extra cost of comorbidity: multiple illnesses and the economic burden of non-communicable diseases

  No other diseaseb Stroke Heart disease Cancerc Diabetes Chronic kidney disease Respiratory illnessd Cirrhosis Alcohol use disorders Major depression
No disease 79.88          
Stroke 0.39          
Heart disease 1.62 0.05         
Cancersc 1.58 0.02 0.08        
Diabetes 4.15 0.08 0.60 0.21       
Chronic kidney disease 0.32 0.01 0.07 0.04 0.11      
Respiratory illnessd 5.34 0.05 0.33 0.23 0.66 0.06     
Cirrhosis 0.28 0.00 0.02 0.03 0.09 0.01 0.05    
Alcohol use disorders 0.61 0.02 0.04 0.02 0.06 0.01 0.11 0.10   
Major depression 1.22 0.01 0.04 0.05 0.12 0.01 0.19 0.01 0.06  
Neurological disorders 0.55 0.04 0.07 0.04 0.11 0.04 0.07 0.01 0.02 0.02
  1. aCalculated among persons with two chronic diseases or less (98.5% of the sample)
  2. bOf the nine other selected chronic diseases
  3. cBreast/Lung/Colorectal/Stomach/Liver/Kidney/Pancreatic/Oesophageal
  4. dChronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma