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Table 7 Aggregate costs in 2014 associated with the 10 selected chronic diseases (n = 476,252)

From: The extra cost of comorbidity: multiple illnesses and the economic burden of non-communicable diseases

  Aggregate costs (real data, including the extra cost of comorbidity) (€) Aggregate costs without diabetesc (€)
Stroke 1,766,157,759 1,668,987,170
Heart disease 3,810,314,586 3,640,257,499
Cancersa 6,760,703,703 6,721,315,309
Diabetes 6,361,926,072  
Chronic kidney disease 6,349,510,855 5,868,318,845
Respiratory illnessb 4,884,750,608 4,720,450,554
Cirrhosis 2,288,778,628 2,254,496,590
Major depression 1,345,807,466 1,326,877,079
Neurological disorders 1,439,130,111 1,345,681,049
Alcohol use disorders 1,550,325,340 1,508,304,205
  1. aBreast/Lung/Colorectal/Stomach/Liver/Kidney/Pancreatic/Oesophageal
  2. bChronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma
  3. cSimulation exercise in the absence of diabetes
  4. Note: Stroke costs the French government 1766 million €. In the virtual exercise, where diabetes would be cured from society, stroke would only cost 1668 million €, because those patients suffering from stroke and diabetes would no longer have to bear the extra costs of stroke due to diabetes