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Table 2 Results from model A, linear regression at the LSOA level*†

From: Chronic morbidity, deprivation and primary medical care spending in England in 2015-16: a cross-sectional spatial analysis

  Coefficient 95% confidence interval p value
Region
 Yorkshire and Humber reference
 North East −13.62 −14.93 −12.30 <0.001
 North West −12.47 −13.46 −11.47 <0.001
 East Midlands −3.42 −4.53 −2.32 <0.001
 West Midlands −6.59 −7.64 −5.54 <0.001
 East England −8.83 −9.88 −7.78 <0.001
 London −0.43 −1.64 0.78 0.484
 South East −14.50 −15.62 −13.38 <0.001
 South Central −12.38 −13.54 −11.21 <0.001
 South West −7.71 −8.78 −6.65 <0.001
Demographics
 Percentage aged 30–59, 2015 0.040 −0.013 0.093 0.140
 Percentage aged 60 or over, 2015 0.254 0.212 0.295 <0.001
 Percentage female, 2015 −0.489 −0.592 −0.387 <0.001
 Percentage white British, 2011 −0.067 −0.084 -0.049 <0.001
Urbanity
 Rural LSOA 35.71 35.02 36.41 <0.001
Morbidity and deprivation
 Chronic morbidity index 81.22 77.08 85.36 <0.001
 IMD 2015 0.226 0.206 0.245 <0.001
 constant 118.34 112.80 123.89 <0.001
  1. * 32,844 LSOAs (observations) with analytic weighting
  2. † Adjusted R-squared = 38.85%