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Table 1 Summary of included systematic reviews

From: Perinatal health outcomes and care among asylum seekers and refugees: a systematic review of systematic reviews

Author, year Aim of the systematic review Methods Population included Search strategy (years, databases and supplementary searches)
Alhasanat and Fry-McComish 2015 [16] To identify the prevalence and risk factors for postnatal depression amongst immigrant women in industrialised countries and compare it with prevalence and risk factors amongst Arab women in their home countries Quantitative with narrative Migrant including asylum seekers and/or refugees 1990–2013
Four databases searched
No supplementary searches
Anderson et al. 2017 [5] To evaluate the prevalence and risk factors of mental disorders in the perinatal period amongst migrant women Quantitative with meta-analysis Migrant including asylum seekers and/or refugees From inception of database to Oct 2015
Six databases searched
No supplementary searches
Aubrey et al. 2017 [9] To broadly explore and synthesise current evidence surrounding women’s preference for female physicians in obstetrics and gynaecology Mixed methods Migrant including asylum seekers and/or refugees From inception of database
Five databases searched
Supplementary searches: reference list, citations
Balaam et al. 2013 [30] To explore migrant women’s perceptions of their needs and experiences related to pregnancy and childbirth Qualitative Migrant including asylum seekers and/or refugees 1996–2010
Seven databases searched
No supplementary searches
Bollini et al. 2009 [26] To explore whether differences in pregnancy outcomes observed across receiving countries in Europe are associated with varying degrees of implementation of integration policies Quantitative with meta-analysis Migrant including asylum seekers and/or refugees 1966–2004
One database searched
No supplementary searches
Collins et al. 2011 [18] To review the rates and risk factors associated with postnatal depression in refugees, asylum seekers and migrant women Quantitative with narrative Migrant including asylum seekers and/or refugees 1990–2009
Ten databases searched
No supplementary searches
De Maio 2010 [19] This review investigates the health of immigrants to Canada by critically examining differences in health status between immigrants and the native-born population and by tracing how the health of immigrants changes after settling in the country Quantitative with narrative Migrant including asylum seekers and/or refugees 1990–2010
Four databases searched
Supplementary searches: reference list
Downe et al. 2009 [31] To locate and synthesise qualitative accounts of barriers to antenatal care as reported by high-risk, marginalised, pregnant women in the UK Qualitative Marginalised populations including asylum seekers and/or refugees 1980–2007
Seven databases searched
Supplementary searches: reference list
Falah-Hassani et al. 2015 [17] Estimate the prevalence of postpartum depressive systems in immigrant women. Compare this prevalence to non-immigrant women. Determine risk factors for postpartum depressive systems in immigrant women Quantitative with meta-analysis Migrant including asylum seekers and/or refugees 1950–2014
Seven databases searched
Supplementary searches: reference list
Fellmeth et al. 2017 [6] Summarise and synthesise evidence on prevalence, associated factors and effectiveness of interventions for any perinatal mental disorder in migrant women Quantitative with meta-analysis Migrant including asylum seekers and/or refugees No specific start date until January 2015
Eight databases searched
Supplementary searches: hand searching journals, reference list
Gagnon et al. 2009 [25] To assess whether migrants in western industrialised countries have consistently poorer perinatal health than receiving-country women Quantitative with meta-analysis Migrant including asylum seekers and/or refugees 1995–2008
Four databases searched
Supplementary searches: reference list, citations
Gissler et al. 2009 [27] To determine if migrants in western industrialised countries have consistently higher risks of stillbirth, neonatal mortality or infant mortality; if there are migrant sub-groups at potentially higher risk; and what might be the explanations for any risk differences found Quantitative with meta-analysis Migrant including asylum seekers and/or refugees 1995–2006
Four databases searched
Supplementary searches: reference list
Hadgkiss and Renzaho 2014 [14] To document physical health problems that asylum seekers experience on settlement in the community and to assess their utilisation of healthcare services and barriers to care, in an international context Mixed methods Asylum seekers 2002–2012
Four databases searched
Supplementary searches: reference list
Heaman et al. 2013 [35] Do migrant women in Western industrialised countries have higher odds of inadequate prenatal care compared to receiving-country women, and what factors are associated with inadequate prenatal care amongst migrant women in Western industrialised countries? Quantitative with narrative Migrant including asylum seekers and/or refugees 1995–2010
Three databases searched
Supplementary searches: reference list
Higginbottom et al. 2015 [36] What are the experiences of immigrant women in Canada in accessing and navigating maternity and healthcare services from conception to 6 months postpartum? Mixed methods Migrant including asylum seekers and/or refugees Inception to 2013 Ten databases searched
Supplementary searches: hand searches within journal websites
Higginbottom et al. 2014 [32] To synthesise qualitative literature to describe how immigrant women experience maternity services in Canada Qualitative Migrant including asylum seekers and/or refugees Inception to March 2012
Eight databases searched
Supplementary searches: contacting authors, reference list
Higginbottom et al. 2012 [23] To identify and descriptively synthesise current empirical literature on immigrants’ experiences of maternity healthcare services in Canada, to outline practice implications and/or to offer recommendations for future research Mixed methods Migrant including asylum seekers and/or refugees 2000–2010
Five databases searched
Supplementary searches: reference list, citations
Mengesha et al. 2016 [10] To identify studies that focussed on the views and experiences of culturally and linguistically diverse women in accessing sexual and reproductive health care in Australia Mixed methods Migrant including asylum seekers and/or refugees April 1990–May 2015
Seven databases searched
Supplementary searches: reference list
Merry et al. 2013 [28] To determine if migrants in Western industrialised countries consistently have different rates of caesarean than receiving-country-born women and to identify the reasons that explain these differences Quantitative with meta-analysis Migrant including asylum seekers and/or refugees Inception to Jan 2012
Eleven databases searched Supplementary searches: reference list
Merry et al. 2016 [7] To provide a synthesis to what is known regarding caesarean births amongst migrants living in high-income countries Quantitative with narrative Migrant including asylum seekers and/or refugees 2012–2015
Thirteen databases searched
No supplementary searches
Nilaweera et al. 2014 [22] To summarise the available evidence about the prevalence, nature and determinants of postpartum mental health problems amongst women born in South Asian countries who had migrated to high-income countries, and identify barriers and enablers to seeking health care for these difficulties Mixed methods Migrant including asylum seekers and/or refugees Inception to February 2013
Four databases searched
No supplementary searches
Pedersen et al. 2014
[24]
A meta-analysis of all published observational studies from Western European countries comparing the risk of maternal mortality between the receiving-country women and a defined migrant population Quantitative with meta-analysis Migrant including asylum seekers and/or refugees 1970–2013
Four databases searched
Supplementary searches: reference list
Schmied et al. 2017 [8] To report the findings of a meta-ethnographic study of the experiences, meanings and ways of ‘dealing with’ symptoms or a diagnosis of postnatal depression amongst migrant women living in high-income countries with a view to informing culturally appropriate health service design and delivery Qualitative Migrant including asylum seekers and/or refugees 1999–2016
Five databases searched
Supplementary searches: reference list, citations
Small et al. 2014 [33] There were two review questions: 1. What do immigrant and non-immigrant women want from their maternity care? 2. How do immigrant and non-immigrant women’s experiences and ratings of care compare, both within and across included countries? Qualitative Migrant including asylum seekers and/or refugees 1989–2011 Five databases searched
No supplementary searches
Tobin et al. 2017 [20] To synthesise qualitative research on refugee and immigrant women’s experiences of postpartum depression to gain insight into the unique needs of this group of women Qualitative Migrant including asylum seekers and/or refugees 2004–2014
Five databases searched
Supplementary searches: reference list
Villalonga-Olives et al. 2016 [29] To discuss differences between the USA and Europe regarding reproductive health outcomes of immigrants and to elucidate why these differences occur Quantitative with narrative Migrant including asylum seekers and/or refugees Dates not clear
Two databases searched
No supplementary searches
Wikberg and Bondas 2010 [34] To explore and describe a patient perspective in research on intercultural caring in maternity care Qualitative Migrant including asylum seekers and/or refugees 1995–2009
Twelve databases searched Supplementary searches: reference list
Winn et al. 2017 [11] To understand the experiences of pregnant immigrant women accessing perinatal care in North America Qualitative Migrant including asylum seekers and/or refugees Inception to July 2016
Five databases searched
Supplementary searches: reference list
Wittkowski et al. 2017 [21] To appraise and assimilate qualitative findings of postnatal depression in immigrant mothers Qualitative Migrant including asylum seekers and/or refugees 1990–2014
Six databases searched
Supplementary searches: reference list