Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Long-term effects of exercise on fatigue and physical activity among colon and breast cancer patients

From: Four-year effects of exercise on fatigue and physical activity in patients with cancer

  Baseline Baseline to 4 years post-intervention  
Within-group differences Between-group differences
Mean SD Mean [95% CI] Mean [95% CI] Effect size
Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory (MFI)
 General fatigue I 10.24 4.92 −0.41 [−1.52, 0.71] −0.38 [−1.63, 0.86] 0.08
UC 10.67 4.80 −0.63 [− 1.81, 0.56] Reference  
 Physical fatigue I 9.92 5.12 −1.00 [−2.17, 0.18] − 1.13 [−2.45, 0.20] 0.22
UC 10.54 5.01 −0.55 [−1.79, 0.70] Reference  
 Mental fatigue I 9.77 5.33 −0.23 [−1.40, 0.94] − 0.30 [− 1.64, 1.05] 0.06
UC 9.96 5.20 −0.24 [−1.48, 1.00] Reference  
 Reduced activity I 8.18 4.11 −0.38 [−1.28, 0.53] − 0.17 [− 1.23, 0.90] 0.04
UC 8.91 4.02 −0.98 [−1.94,  –0.02]* Reference  
 Reduced motivation I 8.36 5.51 0.72 [−0.41, 1.85] −0.18 [− 1.15, 0.79] 0.03
UC 9.17 5.83 0.40 [−0.81, 1.61] Reference  
Short Questionnaire of Assess Health-enhancing physical activity (SQUASH)
 Total physical activity I UC 583.91 627.31 658.73 637.11 43.22 [− 102.13, 188.57] − 143.77 [− 298.43, 10.89] 141.46 [1.31, 281.61]* Reference 0.22
 Sport and leisure physical activity I UC 220.08 227.34 269.27 259.91 85.18 [30.65, 139.72]* 54.67 [−3.75, 113.09] 20.41 [−45.54, 86.36] Reference 0.08
  1. I exercise intervention group, UC usual care group, SD standard deviation, CI confidence interval
  2. *Statistically significant (p < 0.05)
  3. Between-group effects were assessed using mixed models including the measurements obtained at 18 and 36 weeks and 4 years, adjusted for the value of the outcome variable at baseline as well as for stratification factors: age, radiotherapy, hospital, and tumor site. Within-group effects were assessed using mixed models including the measurements obtained at baseline, 18 and 36 weeks, and 4 years, adjusted for stratification factors: age, radiotherapy, hospital, and tumor site
  4. Baseline results and within-group differences were based on participants having baseline measurements. Between-group differences were based on participants having measurements at 18 weeks, 36 weeks, or 4 years