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Table 2 Components and food items considered in the score created to evaluate adherence to the Mediterranean diet score (tMDS) based on that established by Trichopoulou et al. [30]

From: Nordic diet, Mediterranean diet, and the risk of chronic diseases: the EPIC-Potsdam study

Food groups Food items considered in each food group Scoring criteria
Cereals Whole grain bread, other bread, grain flakes, grains, muesli, cornflakes, crisps, pasta, rice Sex-specific tertiles
T1 = 0, T2 = 1, T3 = 2
Fruits and nuts Fresh fruit, nuts Sex-specific tertiles
T1 = 0, T2 = 1, T3 = 2
Vegetables Raw vegetables, green salad, cruciferous vegetables, cooked vegetables, garlic, mushrooms Sex-specific tertiles
T1 = 0, T2 = 1, T3 = 2
Fish Fish (preserved and smoked is also considered) Sex-specific tertiles
T1 = 0, T2 = 1, T3 = 2
Legumes Legumes (green peas, green beans, lentil, peas, bean stew) Sex-specific tertiles
T1 = 0, T2 = 1, T3 = 2
Meat Poultry, meat, meat products Sex-specific tertiles
T1 = 2, T2 = 1, T3 = 0
Dairy products Butter, low-fat dairy products, high fat dairy products, low-fat cheese, high-fat cheese Sex-specific tertiles
T1 = 2, T2 = 1, T3 = 0
Alcohol Beer, wine, spirits, other alcoholic beverages 5 to 25 g/day for women = 2
10–50 g/day for men = 2
Outside of the range = 0
Olive oil Olive oil for salad dressing, preparation of vegetables, and preparation of meat Non-consumers = 0
< sex-specific median = 1
≥ sex-specific median = 2