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Table 7 Prospective associations of the diet scores with type 2 diabetes mellitus and myocardial infarction, excluding single components

From: Nordic diet, Mediterranean diet, and the risk of chronic diseases: the EPIC-Potsdam study

Diabetes Myocardial infarction
in women
  tMDS MedPyr MedPyr
HR
(per 1 SD)
95% CI   HR
(per 1 SD)
95% CI HR
(per 1SD)
95% CI
Overall association 0.93 0.88–0.98 Overall association 0.92 0.87–0.97 0.81 0.65–1.00
Minus cereals 0.93 0.88–0.98 Minus cereals 0.91 0.87–0.96 0.81 0.66–1.00
Minus fruits and nuts 0.94 0.89–0.99 Minus fruits 0.92 0.87–0.97 0.81 0.66–1.00
Minus nuts 0.92 0.87–0.97 0.82 0.67–1.02
Minus vegetables 0.94 0.89–1.00 Minus vegetables 0.92 0.87–0.97 0.81 0.65–1.00
Minus fish 0.92 0.87–0.98 Minus fish 0.91 0.86–0.96 0.82 0.67–1.02
Minus legumes 0.92 0.87–0.98 Minus legumes 0.91 0.86–0.96 0.80 0.65–0.99
Minus meat 0.94 0.89–1.00 Minus red meat 0.93 0.88–0.98 0.86 0.70–1.07
Minus processed meat 0.92 0.88–0.98 0.80 0.65–0.99
Minus white meat 0.91 0.87–0.97 0.81 0.65–1.00
Minus egg 0.91 0.86–0.96 0.76 0.62–0.94
Minus dairy products 0.92 0.87–0.98 Minus dairy products 0.93 0.88–0.98 0.79 0.64–0.98
Minus potatoes 0.93 0.88–0.98 0.86 0.69–1.06
Minus alcohol 0.95 0.90–1.01 Minus alcohol 0.94 0.89–0.99 0.88 0.71–1.08
Minus sweets 0.91 0.86–0.96 0.83 0.67–1.02
Minus olive oil 0.95 0.89–1.00 Minus olive oil 0.91 0.87–0.97 0.77 0.62–0.94
  1. Age, sex, smoking status, education, total energy (kcal/day), vitamin supplementation, body mass index (kg/m2), waist circumference (cm), cycling, sports, prevalent hypertension, excluded component
  2. CI confidence interval, HR hazard ratio, SD standard deviation
  3. tMDS Mediterranean diet score based on that established by Trichopoulou et al. [30]]
  4. MedPyr Mediterranean diet score based on the Mediterranean Pyramid