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Table 2 Sociodemographic characteristics of the intervention and control districts

From: Can community health worker home visiting improve care-seeking and maternal and newborn care practices in fragile states such as Afghanistan? A population-based intervention study

Intervention or control area Intervention Intervention Intervention Intervention Control Control Control Control
Design
 Province Bamyan Bamyan Kandahar Kandahar Bamyan Bamyan Kandahar Kandahar
 District Bamyan Yakawlang Arghandaab Dand Panjab Waras Damaan Speen Boldak
District population data
 Total population 55,123 57,559 69,094 83,392 53,501 84,826 15,815 88,622
 Women of child-bearing age 11,198 11,870 14,356 15,678 11,456 16,743 3678 18,765
 Distance in km from provincial capital 110 130 110 155 140 160 100 120
Health system characteristics
 Sub-centres 4 3 4 5 4 5 2 4
 Basic health centres 3 3 3 3 3 4 2 3
 Comprehensive health centres 3 2 3 4 3 4 2 3
 District hospitals 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
 Mobile health teams 1 2 0 0 2 3 0 1
Demographic characteristics
 Conflict riska Low Medium High High Low Medium High High
 Remoteb Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
 Mountainousc Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No No
 Lowest wealth quintiled 81% 39% 74% 32% 65% 35% 71% 40%
  1. aConflict affected = use of armed force between warring parties in a conflict dyad, be it state based or non-state, resulting in deaths); 25 deaths or less in the previous 12 months is categorised as low intensity, 25–100 is categorised as moderate intensity and 100+ is categorised as high intensity [20, 21]
  2. bRemote = District centre more than 2 h away by any form of transport from provincial capital [20, 21]
  3. cMountainous = more than 1800 km elevation at highest point of district [20, 21, 41]
  4. dLowest wealth quintile = As per the Afghanistan Living Standards Survey 2015 using Principal Components Analysis [41]