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Table 2 Percentage increase in risk of infection in group H relative to group L due to vaccination

From: Quantifying the impact of social groups and vaccination on inequalities in infectious diseases using a mathematical model

Driver of inequality Infection Population group Increase in relative risk
Difference in contact rate Influenza All 4–162%
Elderly 3–137%
Rubella All 2–39%
WCA 4–72%
Difference in susceptibility Influenza All 5–241%
Elderly 5–203%
Rubella All 2–49%
WCA 5–86%
  1. Percentage increases in relative risk of infection for the total population (all), women of childbearing age (WCA) and elderly. Results calculated when either the relative within-group contact rate of the two social groups is varied (‘contact’ parameter) or when the relative susceptibility of group L to group H is varied (‘susceptibility’ parameter) (Table 1). Integration between the social groups is set at its base case value