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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of participants in the UK Biobank by quartiles of adult height

From: Adult height and risk of 50 diseases: a combined epidemiological and genetic analysis

Characteristic Height (cm) Overall
Quartile 1 Quartile 2 Quartile 3 Quartile 4
Height (cm)—female 132–< 158 158–< 163 163–< 167 167–199 132–199
Height (cm)—male 132–< 171 171–< 176 176–< 180 180–205 132–205
N 87,358 117,771 97,416 114,889 417,434
Age 58.8 (7.5) 57.5 (7.8) 56.4 (7.9) 54.9 (8.1) 56.8 (8.0)
Sex—female 52.8% 55.7% 55.7% 51.6% 54.0%
Body mass index (BMI) 28.1 (4.9) 27.6 (4.8) 27.2 (4.7) 26.8 (4.6) 27.4 (4.8)
Obese (BMI ≥ 30) 28.9% 25.4% 23.0% 20.4% 24.2%
Waist-hip-ratio (WHR) 0.88 (0.1) 0.87 (0.1) 0.87 (0.1) 0.87 (0.1) 0.87 (0.1)
Townsend deprivation indexa 22.5% 18.1% 16.7% 16.1% 18.1%
Ever smoker 47.1% 46.2% 45.5% 45.5% 46.0%
Vigorous activityb 55.5% 58.8% 60.6% 63.0% 59.7%
Systolic BP (mmHg) 145.3 (21.3) 142.3 (20.8) 140.1 (20.5) 137.8 (19.5) 141.2 (20.7)
Diastolic BP (mmHg) 85.4 (11.3) 84.6 (11.3) 84.0 (11.3) 83.4 (11.2) 84.3 (11.3)
Female only
 Nulliparous 15.9% 17.3% 19.0% 22.7% 18.8%
 Ever oral contraceptive 78.1% 81.3% 83.3% 84.9% 82.0%
 Ever on hormone replacement therapy 45.0% 41.6% 38.1% 33.4% 39.3%
  1. Data expressed as mean (SD) for continuous variables or as percentages for categorical variables; missing data—BMI (n = 464), WHR (n = 162), systolic BP (n = 348), diastolic BP (n = 346), Townsend deprivation index (n = 489), smoking status (n = 1481), physical activity (n = 547), nulliparous (n = 143), oral contraceptive (n = 34) and hormone replacement therapy (n = 87)
  2. BP blood pressure
  3. aTownsend deprivation index—highest quantile
  4. bVigorous activity—at least once a week for 10+ min