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Table 3 Mean anthropometric scores at 24 m according to 6 post hoc SES categories

From: Thresholds of socio-economic and environmental conditions necessary to escape from childhood malnutrition: a natural experiment in rural Gambia

Variable Mean per SES category P value for Trend
1A upper 1B upper 2 upper-middle 3 middle 4 lower-middle 5 lower
N 8 11 46 72 65 28  
HAZ score 0.68 1B,2,3,4,5 − 1.65 1A − 1.58 1A − 1.69 1A − 2.16 1A − 2.23 1A < 0.001
% stunted 0 45 37 44 54 54  
WAZ score 0.36 1B,2,3,4,5 − 1.64 1A − 1.20 1A − 1.35 1A − 1.67 1A − 1.64 1A < 0.001
% underweight 0 55 17 19 34 43  
WHZ score − 0.03 − 1.07 − 0.56 − 0.63 − 0.77 − 0.68 0.255
% wasted 12 9 4 4 9 4  
Mothers’ heights 161.2 158.5 162.0 164.0 161.3 161.9 0.019
Fathers’ heights 172.6 174.1 4 171.3 170.6 167.8 1B 170.4 < 0.001
  1. Superscripts indicate the SES groups against which values are significantly different at P < 0.01 by Scheffé’s post hoc test. For the children’s anthropometry, their parents’ heights were included in the model. Child sex was also included in the model