Skip to main content

Table 2 Summary of intervention characteristics (N = 42)

From: Stigma in health facilities: why it matters and how we can change it

  HIV MI Substance abuse MI + substance abuse Total
WHO region
 Americas 2 12 1 1 16
 European 5 1 6
 Southeast Asian 2 1 3
 African 2 1 3
 Eastern Mediterranean 1 1
 Western Pacific 3 9 1 13
Wealth of country*
 Lower middle income 4 3 7
 Upper middle income 3 5 8
 High income 2 21 2 2 27
Evaluation method
 Quantitative
  RCT 1 5 1 7
  QE/C 6    6
  QE/NC 3 14 1 1 19
  Post survey, with control 1 1
  RCX 1 1
 Mixed methods
  RCT and qualitative 1 1 2
  QE/C and process 1   1
  QE/NC and qualitative 1 2 3
  Process and qualitative 2   2
  1. Abbreviations: MI mental illness, RXS repeated cross-sectional surveys, QE/C quasi-experimental with a control group, QE/NC quasi-experimental with no control group, RCT randomized controlled trial
  2. *World Bank categorization