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Table 2 Factors associated to requesting EAS (people above the age of 16 whose death was non-sudden)

From: Factors associated with requesting and receiving euthanasia: a nationwide mortality follow-back study with a focus on patients with psychiatric disorders, dementia, or an accumulation of health problems related to old age

  Absolute number in sample No EAS request EAS request Univariable logistic regression   Multivariable logistic regression   Sensitivity analysis  
N = 5361 N = 4243
Row %
N = 1118
Row %
Odds ratio (95% CI) p Odds ratio (95% CI) p Odds ratio (95% CI) p
Patient characteristics
 Sex
  Male 2672 87.1 12.9 Reference      
  Female 2689 90.3 9.7 0.84 (0.74–0.96) 0.011   
 Age
  17–64 1028 80.2 19.8 2.29 (1.92–2.73) < 0.001 1.65 (1.33–2.04) < 0.001 2.13 (1.75–2.59) < 0.001
  65–79 1936 86.0 14.0 1.82 (1.56–2.12) < 0.001 1.38 (1.15–1.66) 0.001 1.59 (1.35–1.88) < 0.001
  80+ 2397 92.2 7.8 Reference   Reference   Reference  
 Marital status
  Married 2538 85.9 14.1 Reference      
  Unmarried 2823 90.9 9.1 0.71 (0.63–0.81) < 0.001   
 Ethnicity
  Non-Western immigrants 605 96.9 3.1 Reference   Reference    
  Dutch, Western immigrants 4722 88.6 11.4 8.36 (5.38–12.98) < 0.001 8.49 (5.37–13.42) < 0.001 9.24 (5.91–14.44) < 0.001
 Cause of death
  Cancer 3128 81.1 18.9 Reference   Reference   Reference  
  Cardiovascular disorders 540 94.2 5.8 0.29 (0.22–0.40) < 0.001 0.64 (0.46–0.89) 0.009 0.40 (0.30–0.55) < 0.001
  Pulmonary disorders 285 87.7 12.3 0.77 (0.57–1.03) 0.077 1.94 (1.37–2.76) < 0.001 0.95 (0.70–1.29) 0.772
  Neurological disorders 518 94.3 5.7 0.57 (0.45–0.73) < 0.001 1.85 (1.37–2.51) < 0.001 0.69 (0.53–0.89) 0.004
  Other 890 94.2 5.8 0.42 (0.34–0.52) < 0.001 1.42 (1.08–1.88) 0.012 0.55 (0.43–0.69) < 0.001
 A psychiatric disorder
  No 5178 88.8 11.2 Reference   NE   NE  
  Yes 183 88.6 11.4 0.99 (0.69–1.43) 0.976     
 An accumulation of health problems
  No 4443 87.7 12.3 Reference   Reference    
  Yes 918 92.0 8.0 0.50 (0.40–0.61) < 0.001 0.69 (0.53–0.90) 0.005  
 Dementia
  No 4558 86.0 14.0 Reference   Reference    
  Yes 803 97.9 2.1 0.13 (0.09–0.19) < 0.001 0.18 (0.12–0.28) < 0.001 NE  
Care characteristics
 Attending physician§
  General practitioner 3301 81.2 18.8 Reference   Reference    
  Medical specialist 897 96.7 3.3 0.09 (0.07–0.13) < 0.001 0.07 (0.05–0.11) < 0.001 NE  
  Elderly care physician 1163 96.1 3.9 0.14 (0.10–0.18) < 0.001 0.17 (0.13–0.23) < 0.001 NE  
Care givers involved in the last month of life
 Palliative care consultant/team
  Not involved 4360 90.1 9.9 Reference      
  Involved 1001 81.6 18.4 1.43 (1.22–1.68) < 0.001  
 Specialist pain control
  Not involved 5166 89.3 10.7 Reference   Reference   Reference  
  Involved 195 69.7 30.2 2.31 (1.71–3.11) < 0.001 2.08 (1.47–2.93) < 0.001 1.82 (1.32–2.50) < 0.001
 Psychiatrist/psychologist
  Not involved 5050 89.1 10.9 Reference   Reference   Reference  
  Involved 311 84.6 15.4 1.44 (1.11–1.86) 0.006 4.50 (3.15–6.41) < 0.001 2.05 (1.54–2.73) < 0.001
 Pastor
  Not involved 4698 88.5 11.5 Reference   Reference   Reference  
  Involved 663 90.9 9.1 0.55 (0.44–0.70) < 0.001 0.77 (0.59–1.00) 0.050 0.53 (0.42–0.68) < 0.001
  1. – indicates the item was entered in the regression but p > 0.10 and consequently eliminated in the stepwise procedure; NE indicates the item was not entered in the regression
  2. †Weighted row percentage
  3. ‡34 missing (0.6%)