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Table 4 Factors associated with receiving EAS (people above the age of 16 whose death was non-sudden)

From: Factors associated with requesting and receiving euthanasia: a nationwide mortality follow-back study with a focus on patients with psychiatric disorders, dementia, or an accumulation of health problems related to old age

  Absolute number in the sample Request did not result in EAS Request did result in EAS Univariable logistic regression   Multivariable logistic regression   Sensitivity analysis  
N = 1118 N = 273%1 N = 845%1 Odds ratio (95% CI) p Odds ratio (95% CI) p Odds ratio (95% CI) p
Patient characteristics
 Sex
  Male 595 42.9 57.1 Reference      
  Female 523 44.7 55.3 1.14 (0.87–1.50) 0.349 NE   NE  
 Age
  17–64 294 42.1 57.9 1.07 (0.76–1.53) 0.690   
  65–79 467 38.3 61.7 1.32 (0.96–1.81) 0.093   
  80+ 357 50.0 50.0 Reference      
 Marital status
  Married 604 44.7 55.3 Reference      
  Unmarried 514 42.8 57.2 1.21 (0.92–1.59) 0.184 NE   NE  
 Ethnicity
  Non-Western immigrants 21 25.0 75.0 Reference      
  Dutch, Western immigrants 1091 43.8 56.2 1.27 (0.49–3.31) 0.622 NE   NE  
 Cause of death
  Cancer 808 40.7 59.3 Reference   Reference   Reference  
  Cardiovascular disorders 50 65.3 34.7 0.56 (0.31–1.01) 0.054 0.72 (0.37–1.41) 0.332 0.70 (0.37–1.35) 0.291
  Pulmonary disorders 60 57.6 42.4 0.87 (0.48–1.55) 0.628 1.53 (0.77–3.03) 0.221 1.02 (0.55–1.90) 0.942
  Neurological disorders 86 22.5 77.5 3.34 (1.58–7.03) 0.002 4.70 (2.09–10.58) < 0.001 3.92 (1.81–8.47) 0.001
  Other 114 45.5 54.5 1.35 (0.83–2.20) 0.220 2.38 (1.34–4.26) 0.003 1.83 (1.06–3.14) 0.029
 A psychiatric disorder
  No 1080 43.3 56.7 Reference   Reference   Reference  
  Yes 38 56.5 43.5 0.54 (0.28–1.06) 0.074 0.38 (0.18–0.82) 0.013 0.38 (0.18–0.79) 0.010
 An accumulation of health problems
  No 1002 41.7 58.3 Reference   Reference   Reference  
  Yes 116 54.1 45.9 0.69 (0.45–1.05) 0.081 0.62 (0.36–1.05) 0.073 0.63 (0.38–1.04) 0.070
 Dementia
  No 1087 43.1 56.9 Reference      
  Yes 31 59.3 40.7 0.78 (0.36–1.72) 0.545 NE   NE  
Care characteristics
 Attending physician
  General practitioner 1016 37.8 62.2 Reference   Reference    
  Medical specialist 36 66.7 33.3 0.13 (0.06–0.27) < 0.001 0.13 (0.06–0.27) < 0.001 NE  
  Elderly care physician 66 79.4 20.6 0.19 (0.12–0.32) < 0.001 0.16 (0.09–0.28) < 0.001 NE  
Care givers involved in the last month of life
 Palliative care consultant/team
  Not involved 872 42.3 57.7 Reference   Reference   Reference  
  Involved 246 48.4 51.6 0.65 (0.48–0.89) 0.007 0.70 (0.50–0.98) 0.037 0.65 (0.48–0.90) 0.008
 Specialist pain control
  Not involved 1046 43.4 56.6 Reference      
  Involved 72 48.8 51.2 0.90 (0.52–1.54) 0.688 NE   NE  
 Psychiatrist/psychologist
  Not involved 1034 42.8 57.2 Reference      
  Involved 84 54.7 45.3 0.75 (0.46–1.21) 0.237 NE   NE  
 Pastor
  Not involved 1029 42.1 57.9 Reference      
  Involved 89 58.2 41.8 0.49 (0.31–0.77) 0.002   0.49 (0.30–0.78) 0.003
  1. – indicates the item was entered in the regression but was not significant (> 0.10) and consequently eliminated in the stepwise procedure; NE indicates the item was not entered in the regression
  2. †Weighted row percentage
  3. ‡6 missing (0.5%)