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Table 3 Outcome measures

From: The effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of strength and balance Exergames to reduce falls risk for people aged 55 years and older in UK assisted living facilities: a multi-centre, cluster randomised controlled trial

Primary outcome Times at which assessed
Berg Balance Scale (BBS) [55] Baseline, 12 weeks
Secondary outcomes
 Falls (fall diary) [56] Daily self-report, posted monthly for 3 months
 Adherence: frequency, duration, number of sessions [54] Recorded at each use of Exergame
 Timed Up and Go (TUG) [57] Baseline, 12 weeks
 Fall risk score (FRAT) including VAS pain and VAS fatigue [58] Baseline, 12 weeks
 Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE) [59] Baseline, 12 weeks
 Addenbrooke’s Cognitive Examination III (ACEIII) [60] Baseline, 12 weeks
 Short Falls Efficacy Scale-International (Short FES-I) [61] Baseline, 12 weeks
 Geriatric Depression Scale (5-item GDS) [62] Baseline, 12 weeks
 Health-related quality of life (HRQoL), Euro-QoL EQ-5D-5L [63, 64] Baseline, 12 weeks
 Monetary costs of health care utilisation following falls [65] Daily self-report calendar, posted monthly for 3 months and follow-up phone calls [56]
 Usability and acceptance of Exergames (system usability scale (SUS) [66] and technology assessment model (TAM)) [67] 12 weeks (Exergame group only)