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Fig. 2 | BMC Medicine

Fig. 2

From: Customized versus population birth weight charts for identification of newborns at risk of long-term adverse cardio-metabolic and respiratory outcomes: a population-based prospective cohort study

Fig. 2

ah Prevalence of customized only and population only birth weight classifications and their association with infant growth patterns and cardio-metabolic and respiratory outcomes at age 10.

Bars are prevalence (%, left y-axis) and OR’s (95% CI, right y-axis). Reference groups for OR’s of customized and population classifications are newborns classified AGA according to both customized and population classification.

Prevalences of adverse outcomes among SGA, AGA and LGA newborns were calculated by dividing the number of cases by the number of newborns in each birth weight category.

Clustering of cardio-metabolic risk factors is defined as having three or more of the following components: visceral fat mass >75th percentile; systolic or diastolic blood pressure >75th percentile; HDL-cholesterol <25th percentile or triglycerides >75th percentile; and insulin level >75th percentile of our study population.

a SGA was defined as gestational age adjusted birth weight <10th percentile of the customized chart, but >10th percentile according to the population chart. AGA is defined as gestational age adjusted birth weight >10th and <90th percentile of both the customized and population chart. LGA was defined as gestational age adjusted birth weight >90th percentile of the customized chart, but not <90th percentile according to the population chart.

b SGA was defined as gestational age adjusted birth weight <10th percentile of the population birth weight chart, but >10th percentile according to the customized chart. AGA is defined as gestational age adjusted birth weight >10th and <90th percentile of both the population and customized chart. LGA was defined as gestational age adjusted birth weight >90th percentile of the population chart, but not <90th percentile of the customized chart

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