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Table 2 Characteristics of participants by categories of beverage intake

From: The associations of sugar-sweetened, artificially sweetened and naturally sweet juices with all-cause mortality in 198,285 UK Biobank participants: a prospective cohort study

 Sugar-sweetened beveragesArtificially sweetened beveragesFruit or vegetable juices
0/day, N = 133,258, mean (SD)≤ 1/day, N = 51,842, mean (SD)> 1–2/day, N = 9415, mean (SD)> 2/day, N = 3770, mean (SD)0/day, N = 157,494, mean (SD)≤ 1/day, N = 27,079, mean (SD)> 1–2/day, N = 8680, mean (SD)> 2/day, N = 5032, mean (SD)0/day, N = 94,568, mean (SD)≤ 1/day, N = 89,206, mean (SD)> 1–2/day, N = 12,492, mean (SD)> 2/day, N = 2019, mean (SD)
Age (years)56.5 (7.8)55.8 (8.0)54.0 (8.2)52.7 (8.2)56.6 (7.9)54.9 (7.9)53.8 (8.1)52.9 (8.2)55.9 (8.0)56.5 (7.9)55.8 (8.0)55.2 (8.0)
Deprivation index− 1.62 (2.8)− 1.65 (2.8)− 1.35 (3.0)− 1.11 (3.1)− 1.61 (2.9)− 1.72 (2.8)− 1.45 (2.9)− 1.20 (3.0)− 1.46 (2.9)− 1.79 (2.8)− 1.52 (2.9)− 0.90 (3.2)
Driving (h/day)0.9 (1.0)0.9 (1.0)1.0 (1.2)1.1 (1.3)0.9 (0.9)0.9 (1.0)1.0 (1.1)1.1 (1.2)0.9 (1.0)0.9 (0.9)0.9 (0.9)1.0 (1.2)
Television (h/day)2.5 (1.5)2.5 (1.5)2.6 (1.5)2.8 (1.6)2.5 (1.5)2.6 (1.5)2.8 (1.5)3.0 (1.6)2.7 (1.5)2.4 (1.4)2.3 (1.4)2.3 (1.5)
Leisure time computer (h/day)1.3 (1.3)1.4 (1.3)1.4 (1.4)1.5 (1.5)1.3 (1.3)1.4 (1.3)1.4 (1.3)1.4 (1.5)1.3 (1.3)1.3 (1.3)1.4 (1.4)1.6 (1.5)
Body mass index26.7 (4.5)27.0 (4.5)27.6 (4.9)28.4 (5.4)26.5 (4.3)27.8 (4.8)28.9 (5.2)29.9 (5.9)27.1 (4.7)26.6 (4.4)26.6 (4.3)27.2 (4.8)
Waist circumference (cm)88 (13)89 (13)91 (14)94 (14)88 (13)90 (13)93 (14)95 (15)89 (13)88 (13)89 (13)91 (14)
Alcohol intake (g/day)17 (22)15 (19)14 (21)13 (22)17 (22)16 (19)15 (21)14 (21)16 (22)17 (20)16 (21)14 (22)
Total fat intake (g/day)77 (28)80 (27)84 (30)85 (33)78 (28)77 (26)78 (30)80 (32)77 (23)79 (27)80 (28)81 (33)
Fresh fruit (servings/day)2.2 (2)2.1 (2)2.0 (2)1.9 (2)2.1 (2)2.2 (2)2.2 (2)2.2 (2)2.1 (2)2.2 (2)2.4 (2)2.6 (2)
Vegetables (servings/day)3.0 (3)2.8 (3)2.6 (3)2.5 (3)2.9 (3)2.9 (3)2.9 (3)3.0 (3)2.9 (3)2.9 (3)3.1 (3)3.4 (3)
Red meat (servings/day)0.3 (0.4)0.3 (0.4)0.3 (0.5)0.4 (0.5)0.3 (0.4)0.3 (0.4)0.3 (0.5)0.4 (0.5)0.3 (0.5)0.3 (0.4)0.3 (0.4)0.3 (0.5)
Processed meat (servings/day)0.5 (0.9)0.6 (0.8)0.6 (0.9)0.7 (1.0)0.5 (0.9)0.6 (0.8)0.6 (0.9)0.7 (1.0)0.5 (0.9)0.6 (0.8)0.6 (0.8)0.5 (0.9)
Sugar-sweetened beverages (drinks/day)00.6 (0.3)1.7 (0.3)3.3 (1.0)0.3 (0.6)0.4 (0.6)0.4 (0.7)0.4 (0.9)0.3 (0.7)0.3 (0.6)0.3 (0.6)0.4 (0.9)
Fruit/veg juices (drinks/day)0.4 (0.6)0.4 (0.6)0.4 (0.6)0.4 (0.6)0.4 (0.6)0.4 (0.5)0.3 (0.5)0.3 (0.6)00.7 (0.3)1.6 (0.3)3.1 (0.9)
Artificially sweetened beverages (drinks/day)0.3 (0.8)0.3 (0.7)0.4 (0.9)0.4 (1.2)00.6 (0.3)1.8 (0.3)4.0 (1.8)0.3 (0.9)0.2 (0.7)0.2 (0.7)0.2 (0.8)
 N(%)N(%)N(%)N(%)N(%)N(%)N(%)N(%)N(%)N(%)N(%)N(%)
Male56,288 (42)23,794 (46)5016 (53)2221 (59)70,904 (45)11,002 (41)3423 (39)1990 (40)39,121 (41)40,705 (46)6335 (51)1158 (57)
White ethnicity128,136 (97)49,393 (96)8839 (94)3518 (94)150,679 (96)26,128 (97)8271 (96)4808 (96)90,247 (96)86,058 (97)11,805 (95)1776 (89)
Income < £18,000 pa18,311 (15)6933 (15)1419 (17)638 (19)21,996 (16)3353 (14)1182 (15)770 (17)14,862 (18)10,698 (13)1460 (13)281 (15)
Degree58,036 (48)22,273 (47)3599 (42)1261 (37)69,263 (48)11,007 (44)3187 (41)1712 (38)34,918 (42)42,399 (51)6756 (58)1096 (58)
Current smoker10,211 (8)3715 (7)895 (10)417 (11)12,151 (8)1870 (7)712 (8)505 (10)8672 (9)5512 (6)898 (7)156 (8)
Physical activity ≥ 600 MET/day52,287 (39)20,919 (40)4027 (43)1659 (44)62,577 (40)10,925 (40)3443 (40)1947 (39)37,207 (39)35,546 (40)5273 (42)866 (43)
  1. SD standard deviation, N number, h hours; pa per annum, MET metabolic equivalents
  2. All p < 0.010