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Table 1 Country-level national malaria strategy (NMS) policy goals in sub-Saharan Africa

From: Routine data for malaria morbidity estimation in Africa: challenges and prospects

CountryClassification categoryNMS periodNational malaria strategy goalSub-national representation of malaria heterogeneity
BotswanaElimination2014–2018Achieve zero local malaria transmission in Botswana by 2018A and B
Cape VerdeElimination2014–2020Sustainably reduce the incidence of indigenous malaria by 2016 and lay the foundations for its elimination by 2020No malaria map
ComorosElimination2017–2021Reduce to zero cases of indigenous malaria transmission in the Union of Comoros by 2021A
EswatiniElimination2015–2020Eliminate malaria by 2015 and achieve the WHO’s certification of elimination by 2018B
NamibiaElimination2017–2022Achieve zero local malaria cases in Namibia by 2022A
São Tomé and PríncipeElimination2017–2021By 2021, reduce malaria incidence to 1 case per 1000 population in all São Tomé districts and 0 (0) indigenous cases in the Autonomous Region of PríncipeB
South AfricaElimination2019–2023Achieve zero local malaria transmission in South Africa by the year 2023B
DjiboutiPre-elimination2013–2017Reduce the prevalence of malaria parasite carriers from 0.64% (2008 survey) to 0% to reach zero indigenous cases by the end of 2017D
RwandaPre-elimination2013–2020Reduce malaria morbidity by 30% of 2015–2016 level, by 2020A
ZanzibarPre-elimination2016–2020Detecting and responding to malaria outbreaksB
ZimbabwePre-elimination2016–2020Reduce malaria incidence to 5/1000 by 2020 compared to 2015 levelsA
EthiopiaControl and elimination2014–2020Achieve 75% reduction in malaria cases from baseline of 2013 by 2020. Achieve falciparum malaria elimination in selected low transmission areas by 2020.A
SomaliaControl and elimination2016–2020Reduce case incidence to < 1 case per 1000 in low transmission regions. Reduce case incidence by 40% in control regionsD
ZambiaControl and elimination2017–2021Reduce malaria incidence from 336 cases per 1000 population in 2015 to less than 5 cases per 1000 population by 2019B
AngolaControl2016–2020Reduce malaria morbidity by 60% in the country by 2020 compared to the 2012 baseline.E
BeninControl2017–2021Reduce the rate of incidence of malaria by at least 25% over the 2015 rateE
Burkina FasoControl2014–2017Reduce morbidity by 75% compared to 2000No malaria map
BurundiControl2018–2023Reduce malaria morbidity by at least 60% by 2023A and D
CameroonControl2014–2018Reduce malaria incidence from 2015 levels by 60% by 2023E
The central African RepublicControl2016–2020Reduce the incidence of malaria by at least 40% in 2020 compared to 2016E
ChadControl2019–2023Reduce malaria morbidity by 75% compared to the 2015 levelA, D and E
CongoControl2018–2022Reduce malaria incidence rate by 86% compared to baseline rate in 2015No Malaria Map
Côte d’IvoireControl2016–2020Reduce the incidence of malaria by at least 40% by 2020 compared to 2015A
The Democratic Republic of the CongoControl2016–2020By 2020, reduce malaria-related morbidity by 40% compared to 2015 levelsD and E
Equatorial GuineaControl2016–2020By 2020, reduce by 40% the malaria morbidity compared to the 2015 levelNo malaria map
EritreaControl2015–2019Reduce malaria incidence by 50% from 2010 levels and achieve test positivity rate (TPR) below 5% in all sub-zones to shift to pre-elimination by 2017 and beyondB and D
GabonControl2018–2021By 2021, reduce malaria-related morbidity by at least 40% compared to 2015No malaria map
The GambiaControl2014–2020Reduce malaria case incidence by at least 40% compared with 2013, by 2020A
GhanaControl2014–2020Reduce malaria morbidity burden by 75% (using 2012 as baseline) by the year 2020D and E
GuineaControl2018–2022Achieve pre-elimination by 2022 by reducing malaria morbidity by 75% compared to 2016D and E
Guinea-BissauControl2018–2022Reduce malaria morbidity by at least 50% compared to 2015No malaria map
KenyaControl2019–2023Reduce malaria incidence and deaths by at least 75% of the 2016 levels by 2023D
LiberiaControl2016–2020By 2020, reduce illnesses caused by malaria by 50% compared to MIS 2011 baselineC and D
MadagascarControl2013–2017Reduce malaria-related morbidity to less than 5% in 50% of districts and to less than 10% in other districts by the end of 2017A, B and D
MalawiControl2017–2022To reduce malaria incidence by at least 50% from a 2016 baseline of 386 per 1000 population to 193 per 1000A
MaliControl2018–2022Reduce malaria incidence by 50% compared to 2015D
MauritaniaControl2014–2020Achieving the goal of eliminating malaria by 2025B and E
MozambiqueControl2017–2022Reduce malaria morbidity at a national level by at least 40% compared to levels observed in 2015, by 2022A and D
NigerControl2017–2021Reduce the incidence of malaria by at least 40% by 2021 compared to 2015No malaria map
NigeriaControl2014–2020Reduce malaria burden to pre-elimination levelsD
SenegalControl2016–2020Reduce the incidence of malaria by at least 75% compared to 2014A and D
Sierra LeoneControl2016–2020Reduce malaria morbidity by at least 40% compared with 2015 by 2020D
South SudanControl2014–2021Reduce the morbidity of malaria by 80% and malaria parasite prevalence by 50% compared to 2013 by the year 2020D
SudanControl2018–2020Reduce malaria morbidity by 30% by 2020 (taking 2017 as a baseline)D
TanzaniaControl2014–2020Reduce the average country malaria prevalence from 10% in 2012 to 5% in 2016 and further in 2020 to less than 1%.D
TogoControl2017–2022Reduce malaria morbidity in the general populationA
UgandaControl2014–2020Reduce malaria morbidity to 30 cases per 1000 population by 2020. Reduce the malaria parasite prevalence to less than 7% by 2020.D
  1. For each county, the malaria vision, mission was reviewed. This table only summarises the main objective stated in the NMS. For sub-national heterogeneity, A represents the map of case incidence; B, map of malaria cases; C, map based on test positivity rate (TPR); D, map based on parasite prevalence; and E, map of climate/seasonal/ecological suitability