Skip to main content

Table 1 Country-level national malaria strategy (NMS) policy goals in sub-Saharan Africa

From: Routine data for malaria morbidity estimation in Africa: challenges and prospects

Country Classification category NMS period National malaria strategy goal Sub-national representation of malaria heterogeneity
Botswana Elimination 2014–2018 Achieve zero local malaria transmission in Botswana by 2018 A and B
Cape Verde Elimination 2014–2020 Sustainably reduce the incidence of indigenous malaria by 2016 and lay the foundations for its elimination by 2020 No malaria map
Comoros Elimination 2017–2021 Reduce to zero cases of indigenous malaria transmission in the Union of Comoros by 2021 A
Eswatini Elimination 2015–2020 Eliminate malaria by 2015 and achieve the WHO’s certification of elimination by 2018 B
Namibia Elimination 2017–2022 Achieve zero local malaria cases in Namibia by 2022 A
São Tomé and Príncipe Elimination 2017–2021 By 2021, reduce malaria incidence to 1 case per 1000 population in all São Tomé districts and 0 (0) indigenous cases in the Autonomous Region of Príncipe B
South Africa Elimination 2019–2023 Achieve zero local malaria transmission in South Africa by the year 2023 B
Djibouti Pre-elimination 2013–2017 Reduce the prevalence of malaria parasite carriers from 0.64% (2008 survey) to 0% to reach zero indigenous cases by the end of 2017 D
Rwanda Pre-elimination 2013–2020 Reduce malaria morbidity by 30% of 2015–2016 level, by 2020 A
Zanzibar Pre-elimination 2016–2020 Detecting and responding to malaria outbreaks B
Zimbabwe Pre-elimination 2016–2020 Reduce malaria incidence to 5/1000 by 2020 compared to 2015 levels A
Ethiopia Control and elimination 2014–2020 Achieve 75% reduction in malaria cases from baseline of 2013 by 2020. Achieve falciparum malaria elimination in selected low transmission areas by 2020. A
Somalia Control and elimination 2016–2020 Reduce case incidence to < 1 case per 1000 in low transmission regions. Reduce case incidence by 40% in control regions D
Zambia Control and elimination 2017–2021 Reduce malaria incidence from 336 cases per 1000 population in 2015 to less than 5 cases per 1000 population by 2019 B
Angola Control 2016–2020 Reduce malaria morbidity by 60% in the country by 2020 compared to the 2012 baseline. E
Benin Control 2017–2021 Reduce the rate of incidence of malaria by at least 25% over the 2015 rate E
Burkina Faso Control 2014–2017 Reduce morbidity by 75% compared to 2000 No malaria map
Burundi Control 2018–2023 Reduce malaria morbidity by at least 60% by 2023 A and D
Cameroon Control 2014–2018 Reduce malaria incidence from 2015 levels by 60% by 2023 E
The central African Republic Control 2016–2020 Reduce the incidence of malaria by at least 40% in 2020 compared to 2016 E
Chad Control 2019–2023 Reduce malaria morbidity by 75% compared to the 2015 level A, D and E
Congo Control 2018–2022 Reduce malaria incidence rate by 86% compared to baseline rate in 2015 No Malaria Map
Côte d’Ivoire Control 2016–2020 Reduce the incidence of malaria by at least 40% by 2020 compared to 2015 A
The Democratic Republic of the Congo Control 2016–2020 By 2020, reduce malaria-related morbidity by 40% compared to 2015 levels D and E
Equatorial Guinea Control 2016–2020 By 2020, reduce by 40% the malaria morbidity compared to the 2015 level No malaria map
Eritrea Control 2015–2019 Reduce malaria incidence by 50% from 2010 levels and achieve test positivity rate (TPR) below 5% in all sub-zones to shift to pre-elimination by 2017 and beyond B and D
Gabon Control 2018–2021 By 2021, reduce malaria-related morbidity by at least 40% compared to 2015 No malaria map
The Gambia Control 2014–2020 Reduce malaria case incidence by at least 40% compared with 2013, by 2020 A
Ghana Control 2014–2020 Reduce malaria morbidity burden by 75% (using 2012 as baseline) by the year 2020 D and E
Guinea Control 2018–2022 Achieve pre-elimination by 2022 by reducing malaria morbidity by 75% compared to 2016 D and E
Guinea-Bissau Control 2018–2022 Reduce malaria morbidity by at least 50% compared to 2015 No malaria map
Kenya Control 2019–2023 Reduce malaria incidence and deaths by at least 75% of the 2016 levels by 2023 D
Liberia Control 2016–2020 By 2020, reduce illnesses caused by malaria by 50% compared to MIS 2011 baseline C and D
Madagascar Control 2013–2017 Reduce malaria-related morbidity to less than 5% in 50% of districts and to less than 10% in other districts by the end of 2017 A, B and D
Malawi Control 2017–2022 To reduce malaria incidence by at least 50% from a 2016 baseline of 386 per 1000 population to 193 per 1000 A
Mali Control 2018–2022 Reduce malaria incidence by 50% compared to 2015 D
Mauritania Control 2014–2020 Achieving the goal of eliminating malaria by 2025 B and E
Mozambique Control 2017–2022 Reduce malaria morbidity at a national level by at least 40% compared to levels observed in 2015, by 2022 A and D
Niger Control 2017–2021 Reduce the incidence of malaria by at least 40% by 2021 compared to 2015 No malaria map
Nigeria Control 2014–2020 Reduce malaria burden to pre-elimination levels D
Senegal Control 2016–2020 Reduce the incidence of malaria by at least 75% compared to 2014 A and D
Sierra Leone Control 2016–2020 Reduce malaria morbidity by at least 40% compared with 2015 by 2020 D
South Sudan Control 2014–2021 Reduce the morbidity of malaria by 80% and malaria parasite prevalence by 50% compared to 2013 by the year 2020 D
Sudan Control 2018–2020 Reduce malaria morbidity by 30% by 2020 (taking 2017 as a baseline) D
Tanzania Control 2014–2020 Reduce the average country malaria prevalence from 10% in 2012 to 5% in 2016 and further in 2020 to less than 1%. D
Togo Control 2017–2022 Reduce malaria morbidity in the general population A
Uganda Control 2014–2020 Reduce malaria morbidity to 30 cases per 1000 population by 2020. Reduce the malaria parasite prevalence to less than 7% by 2020. D
  1. For each county, the malaria vision, mission was reviewed. This table only summarises the main objective stated in the NMS. For sub-national heterogeneity, A represents the map of case incidence; B, map of malaria cases; C, map based on test positivity rate (TPR); D, map based on parasite prevalence; and E, map of climate/seasonal/ecological suitability