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Table 2 AKI etiology

From: Epidemiology and short-term outcomes of acute kidney injury among patients in the intensive care unit in Laos: a nationwide multicenter, prospective, and observational study

 Non-severe (n = 209)Severe (n = 299)All AKI (n = 508)P value
Sepsis48 (23.0%)61 (20.4%)107 (27.5%)0.49
Renal hypoperfusiona114 (54.6%)127 (42.5%)241 (47.4%)0.01
Toxin and poisoningb01 (0.3%)1 (0.2%)0.401
Trauma and surgery21 (10.1%)39 (13.0%)60 (11.8%)0.30
Systemic diseasesc1 (0.5%)01 (0.2%)0.411
Genitourinary diseasesd4 (1.9%)4 (1.3%)8 (1.6%)0.721
Tropical infectione4 (1.9%)2 (0.7%)6 (1.2%)0.241
Obstetric complicationsf5 (2.4%)5 (1.7%)10 (2.0%)0.751
Otherg12 (5.7%)60 (20.1%)72 (14.2%)< 0.001
  1. 1P value from Fisher’s exact test instead of chi-square test
  2. aRenal hypoperfusion included hypotension, hemorrhage, volume depletion, and cardiorenal syndrome
  3. bToxin and poisoning included envenomation, snake bites, wasp or bee stings, and mushroom and pesticide ingestion
  4. cSystemic diseases included connective tissue diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus and vasculitis
  5. dGenitourinary diseases included obstructive uropathy, renal stones, benign prostatic hyperplasia, and malignancy in the kidney, bladder, and ureteral system
  6. eTropical infectious disease included leptospirosis, malaria, scrub typhus, and dengue fever
  7. fObstetric complications included eclampsia or severe preeclampsia, septic abortion, postpartum hemorrhage, ruptured placenta, and hyperemesis gravidarum
  8. gOthers included patients with missing AKI etiologies