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Fig. 1 | BMC Medicine

Fig. 1

From: New insights into genetic susceptibility of COVID-19: an ACE2 and TMPRSS2 polymorphism analysis

Fig. 1

The coding-region variants in ACE2 and TMPRSS2 from ~ 81,000 human genomes across 8 populations. a Coding-region variants in the genes encoding angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) and transmembrane protease serine 2 (TMPRSS2) across three human genome databases: (i) Genome Aggregation Database (gnomAD v3), (ii) Exome Sequencing Project (ESP), and (iii) 1000 Genomes Project (1KGP). SARS-CoV-2 utilizes the host cell factors angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) for entry into cells and the host transmembrane serine protease TMPRSS2 for SARS-CoV-2 spike (S) protein priming, offering potential pathway for therapeutic development in treatment of COVID-19. b Distribution of 61 deleterious variants in the ACE2 coding region identified in gnomAD (v3). Polyphen2 > 0.96 and CADD scores > 20 as cutoff identify putative deleterious variants. The upper panel using 3 colors shows the functional domains of ACE2, and the height of the vertical line represents the number of populations that carry this variant. The lower heatmap shows the allele frequencies (color key) of a variant across different populations. c Distributions of 63 putative deleterious variants in the TMPRSS2 coding region using the same approach of b. AFR, African/African-American; AMI, Amish; AMR, Latino/Admixed American; ASJ, Ashkenazi Jewish; EAS, East Asian; FIN, Finnish; EUR, Non-Finnish European; SAS, South Asian; PNA, population not assigned

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