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Table 3 Informal care (IC) costs and formal care costs of patients at the end of life in the last 3 months (US$)

From: Associations between informal care costs, care quality, carer rewards, burden and subsequent grief: the international, access, rights and empowerment mortality follow-back study of the last 3 months of life (IARE I study)

  Informal care costs I Informal care costs II* Formal care costs$ Percentage of total care costs that are informal care costs
Mean s.d. Median Mean s.d. Median Mean s.d. Informal care costs I Informal care costs II*
England 36,170 31,104 31,192 22,132 22,527 13,254 15,756 15,036 69.7% 58.4%
Ireland 43,760 36,930 36,398 26,767 25,477 18,604 29,210 24,231 60.0% 47.8%
USA 32,468 28,578 28,847 19,973 19,679 12,521 37,327 37,234 46.5% 34.9%
All countries 37,802 32,956 32,185 23,160 22,998 14,163 27,452 28,203 57.9% 45.8%
  1. *Informal care cost II excludes the cost of “time spent ‘being on call’”
  2. $Formal care costs were calculated by combining resource use data with unit costs obtained from standard as explained in [19]