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Table 3 Association between adherence to the food components of the Southern European Atlantic Diet (SEAD) and risk of death from any cause (n = 3165)

From: The Southern European Atlantic Diet and all-cause mortality in older adults

  Median consumption (g/1000 kcal)    
Food component Women Men Deaths Person-years Hazard ratio [95% CI]a
Fresh fish (excluding cod) 26.5 26.3    
 ≤ Median    352 16,004 Ref.
 > Median    294 16,154 0.91 [0.75, 1.09]
Cod 0 0    
 ≤ Median    508 24,940 Ref.
 > Median    138 7218 0.92 [0.76, 1.13]
Red meat and pork products 24.0 27.3    
 ≤ Median    348 15,949 Ref.
 > Median    298 16,209 0.98 [0.80, 1.19]
Dairy products 178 132    
 ≤ Median    282 16,279 Ref.
 > Median    365 15,878 1.02 [0.85, 1.23]
Legumes and vegetables 124 119    
 ≤ Median    367 15,836 Ref.
 > Median    279 16,322 0.86 [0.72, 1.04]
Vegetable soup 0 0    
 ≤ Median    467 23,620 Ref.
 > Median    180 8538 0.97 [0.79, 1.19]
Potatoes 19.9 22.6    
 ≤ Median    325 16,095 Ref.
 > Median    321 16,063 0.93 [0.77, 1.11]
Whole-grain bread 0 0    
 ≤ Median    523 23,870 Ref.
 > Median    123 8288 0.80 [0.63, 1.02]
Wine (glasses/day) 0 0.42    
 0 or > 1 glass/day (women), 0 or > 2 glasses/day (men)    385 17,018 Ref.
 ≥ 0 to 1 glass/day (women), ≥ 0 to 2 glasses/day (men)    261 15,139 0.71 [0.59, 0.86]***
  1. CI confidence interval
  2. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001
  3. aCox proportional hazards model as model 2 in Table 2, adjusted for sex, age (years), educational level (primary or less, secondary, or university), smoking status (never, former, or current), diabetes, cardiovascular disease, respiratory disease, musculoskeletal disease, cancer, and depression at baseline, and 3-year cumulative leisure-time physical activity (MET-hours/week), sedentary behavior (TV hours/day), body mass index (kg/m2), and energy intake (kcal/day)