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Table 1 Subject characteristics

From: Novel associations between parental and newborn cord blood metabolic profiles in the Norwegian Mother, Father and Child Cohort Study

  Mothers Fathers Newborns
With hypercholesterolemia n* Without hypercholesterolemia n* With hypercholesterolemia n* Without hypercholesterolemia n* All n*
Age (years), mean (SD) 31.2 (4.5) 376 32.3 (4.4) 303 36.9 (6.6) 303 33.0 (5.1) 376 0 679
Female, n (%)      341 (50.2) 679
Body weight** (kg), mean (SD) 70.7 (14.9) 373 71.1 (14.0) 294 91.0 (14.3) 293 86.3 (12.6) 369 3.6 (0.5) 679
Height (cm), mean (SD) 167 (6) 375 168 (6) 301 180 (7) 297 182 (7) 371 51 (2) 652
BMI*** (kg/m2), mean (SD) 25.2 (5.1) 373 25.2 (4.9) 294 28.0 (4.0) 292 26.2 (3.5) 369  
Gestational weight gain (kg), mean (SD) 14.3 (6.4) 334 14.4 (6.1) 251    
Gestational age (days), median (IQR) 281 (273–287) 376 281 (274–287) 303    
Education (years), n (%)
< 12 24 (6.6) 366 22 (7.5) 293 25 (8.7) 289 33 (9.1) 362  
12 87 (23.8) 366 80 (27.3) 293 108 (37.4) 289 123 (34.0) 362  
13–16 151 (41.3) 366 123 (42.0) 293 90 (31.1) 289 110 (30.4) 362  
 ≥ 17 104 (28.4) 366 68 (23.2) 293 66 (22.8) 289 96 (26.5) 362  
Smoking during pregnancy, n (%) 28 (7.5) 375 22 (7.3) 303 46 (15.3) 300 62 (16.6) 374  
SPB (mmHg), mean (SD) 116 (12) 344 115 (12) 262    
DBP (mmHg), mean (SD) 71 (9) 344 70 (9) 262    
CVD, n (%) 3 (0.8) 376 3 (1.0) 303 59 (19.5) 303 2 (0.5) 376  
LLT, n (%) 48 (12.8) 376 0   303 (100) 303 0   
Total cholesterol (mmol/l), mean (SD) 6.1 (1.2) 375 4.8 (0.9) 302 3.8 (1.0) 303 3.9 (0.9) 375 1.4 (0.5) 674
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l), mean (SD) 2.3 (0.7) 375 1.6 (0.5) 302 1.4 (0.6) 303 1.5 (0.5) 375 0.3 (0.2) 674
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l), mean (SD) 1.9 (0.3) 375 1.8 (0.3) 302 1.1 (0.2) 303 1.1 (0.2) 375 0.8 (0.2) 674
  1. SD, standard deviation; IQR, interquartile range; SPB, peri-pregnancy systolic blood pressure; DBP, peri-pregnancy diastolic blood pressure; CVD, cardiovascular disease; LLT, pre-pregnancy lipid-lowering treatment; LDL, low-density lipoprotein; HDL, high-density lipoprotein
  2. *Includes first participation only (31 mothers participated twice in our sample); **body weight is birth weight for newborns; ***BMI is pre-pregnancy for mothers and peri-pregnancy for fathers (at completion of questionnaire 1)