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Table 1 Forty-three factors associated with child survival and thematic groups as used in the current analysis. Their definitions and respective data sources are detailed in Additional file 1

From: The impact of child health interventions and risk factors on child survival in Kenya, 1993–2014: a Bayesian spatio-temporal analysis with counterfactual scenarios

Group ID Variable
Environmental factors 1 Rural residency
2 Precipitation
3 Enhanced vegetation index (EVI)
Maternal factors 4 Maternal education
5 Maternal literacy
6 Female-headed households (maternal autonomy)
7 Short birth spacing
8 Use of modern contraceptives
9 High parity
Child factors 10 Underweight
11 Wasted
12 Stunted
13 Breastfed within the first hour of birth
14 Exclusive breastfeeding
15 Continued breastfeeding
16 Low birth weight (LBW)
Household factors 17 Poor household
18 Improved sanitation
19 Access to any form of a toilet
10 Improved water
21 Access to wells borehole and piped water
Infections 22 HIV infection prevalence
23 Malaria infection prevalence
Healthcare utilisation 24 At least one antenatal care visit (ANC1)
25 At least four antenatal care visits (ANC4)
26 Skilled birth attendance (SBA)
27 Health facility deliveries (HFD)
28 Diarrhoea treatment-seeking
29 Fever/cough treatment-seeking
Child health interventions 30 Bacille Calmette–Guérin (BCG)
31 Three diphtheria–tetanus–pertussis vaccinations (DPT3)
32 Three doses of polio (Polio3)
33 Measles
34 Fully immunised
35 Oral rehydration salts (ORS use)
36 Vitamin A-children
37 Insecticide-treated bed nets (ITNs) use by children
38 Recommended antimalarial use
Maternal health interventions 39 Tetanus toxoid injection
40 Intermittent preventive treatment in pregnancy (IPTp 1)
41 IPTp 2
42 Iron supplement
43 Vitamin A-mothers