Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline characteristics by Healthy Lifestyle Score in 46,120 cancer survivors

From: Association of healthy lifestyle score with all-cause mortality and life expectancy: a city-wide prospective cohort study of cancer survivors

  Healthy Lifestyle Score P value
0–2 3 4 5
Sex, N (%)
 Women 126 (5.5) 1705 (28.0) 12,809 (59.1) 10,404 (64.8) <0.001
 Men 2174 (94.5) 4377 (72.0) 8866 (40.9) 5659 (35.2)
Age, years, N (%)
 <65 938 (40.8) 2495 (41.1) 10,475 (48.4) 8105 (50.6) <0.001
 ≥65 1359 (59.2) 3578 (58.9) 11,162 (51.6) 7927 (49.4)
Education, N (%)
 Primary or below 994 (43.2) 2364 (38.9) 7874 (36.3) 5183 (32.3) <0.001
 Secondary or above 1306 (56.8) 3718 (61.1) 13,801 (63.7) 10,880 (67.7)
Employment, N (%)
 Unemployed 1619 (70.5) 4630 (76.5) 16,570 (77.2) 11,932 (74.7) 0.001
 Employed 677 (29.5) 1424 (23.5) 4899 (22.8) 4038 (25.3)
Treatment, N (%)
 Surgery 1176 (51.1) 3530 (58.0) 14,554 (67.2) 11763 (73.2) <0.001
 Chemotherapy 629 (27.4) 1695 (27.9) 6132 (28.3) 4495 (28.0) <0.001
 Radiation therapy 468 (20.4) 1244 (20.5) 4599 (21.2) 3454 (21.5) <0.001
 Traditional Chinese medicine 149 (6.5) 516 (8.5) 1523 (7.0) 1235 (7.7) <0.001
 Biotherapy 7 (0.3) 20 (0.3) 44 (0.2) 26 (0.2) <0.001
 Intervention 84 (3.7) 172 (2.8) 453 (2.1) 265 (1.7) <0.001
 Other 908 (39.5) 2172 (35.7) 6364 (29.4) 4094 (25.5) <0.001
BMI, kg/m2, N (%)
 <18.5 553 (24.0) 1913 (31.5) 1245 (5.7) 0 (0.0)  
 18.5–23.9 1340 (58.3) 3195 (52.5) 15,734 (72.6) 11,852 (73.8)  
 23–27.9 353 (15.4) 845 (13.9) 4090 (18.9) 3609 (22.5)  
 ≥28.0 54 (2.4) 129 (2.1) 606 (2.8) 602 (3.8) <0.001
Smoking status, N (%)
 Never 178 (7.7) 2849 (37.2) 20,149 (93.0) 16,063 (100.0)  
 Former 650 (28.3) 1463 (24.1) 849 (3.9) 0 (0.0)  
 Current 1472 (64.0) 1770 (29.1) 677 (3.1) 0 (0.0) <0.001
Alcohol use, N (%)
 Never 426 (18.5) 4670 (76.8) 21,230 (98.0) 16,063 (100.0) <0.001
 Ever 1874 (81.5) 1412 (23.2) 445 (2.1) 0 (0.0)
Physical activity, hours/week, N (%)
 ≤1 2213 (96.2) 5049 (83.0) 18,152 (83.8 0 (0.0)  
 2–4 75 (3.3) 849 (14.0) 2886 (13.3) 13,364 (83.2)  
 5-7 12 (0.5) 159 (2.6) 558 (2.6) 2461 (15.3)  
 >7 0 (0.0) 25 (0.4) 79 (0.4) 238 (1.5) <0.001
Sleep duration, hours/day, N (%)
 ≤5 389 (16.9) 557 (9.2) 307 (1.4) 0 (0.0) <0.001
 6–8 1857 (80.7) 5330 (87.6) 20,563 (94.9) 15,247 (94.9)
 ≥9 54 (2.4) 195 (3.2) 805 (3.7) 816 (5.1)
  1. Abbreviation: N number, BMI body mass index