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Table 1 Characteristics of heart failure decedents with or without comorbid dementia, n (column %), England 2001–2018

From: Implementation of the Mental Capacity Act: a national observational study comparing resultant trends in place of death for older heart failure decedents with or without comorbid dementia

Variable Value With dementia Without dementia
All All 8199 (6.8) 111,869 (93.2)
Age at death (years) 65–74 207 (2.5) 9293 (8.3)
  75–84 2082 (25.5) 33,920 (29.9)
  85+ 5910 (72.0) 68,656 (61.8)
Gender Female 5498 (67.2) 67,474 (60.0)
  Male 2701 (32.8) 44,395 (40.0)
Marital status Divorced 1945 (23.7) 30,118 (27.1)
  Single 365 (4.4) 5343 (4.9)
  Widowed 553 (6.8) 8481 (7.5)
  Married 5309 (64.8) 67,497 (60.1)
  Unknown 27 (0.3) 430 (0.4)
Year of death 2001–2007 3427 (87.2) 57,240 (88.5)
  2008–2018 4772 (56.4) 54,629 (55.7)
No. comorbidities 0 -- 15,139 (13.4)
  1 1595 (19.4) 44,661 (39.3)
  2 3474 (42.5) 31,048 (27.9)
  3 1922 (23.4) 13,750 (12.6)
  4+ 1208 (14.6) 7271 (6.8)
Deprivation* Most deprived 1445 (17.7) 20,352 (18.1)
  2 1685 (20.5) 22,250 (19.8)
  3 1836 (22.4) 24,227 (21.7)
  4 1748 (21.3) 23,918 (21.4)
  5 1485 (18.1) 21,122 (19.0)
Rural/urban indicator* Urban 6653 (81.1) 89,986 (80.4)
  Rural 1546 (18.9) 21,883 (19.6)
Place of death Hospital 4033 (49.2) 73,177 (64.9)
  Care home 3497 (42.8) 21,850 (19.5)
  Home 623 (7.5) 15,541 (14.4)
  Hospice 22 (0.3) 606 (0.6)
  Other places 24 (0.3) 695 (0.6)
  1. *p values for the difference between the two groups = 0.12. For all other inter-group comparisons, p< 0.0001