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Table 1 Percent (and N) distribution of health behaviours and changes during the pandemic by study

From: The UK Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme and smoking, alcohol consumption and vaping during the COVID-19 pandemic: evidence from eight longitudinal population surveys

  MCS NS BCS NCDS GS USOC ELSA ALSPAC G0 ALSPAC G1
N participants 2057 1579 3151 4358 2604 8328 2417 2072 1275
Age/age range of participants 18–20 29–31 50 62 27–66 17–66 52–66 50–65 27–29
  % (N) % (N) % (N) % (N) % (N) % (N) % (N) % (N) % (N)
Smoking and vaping
 Pre-pandemic current smoker NA NA NA NA 12.2 (317) 15.5 (834) 14.7 (271) NA NA
 Current smoker (during pandemic) 17.3 (292) 18.0 (189) 16.7 (366) 11.3 (356) 6.2 (162) 14.7 (793) 13.3 (240) NA NA
 Smoking more -including relapse and initiation 5.4 (78) 8.5 (76) 6.5 (136) 2.9 (85) 2.7 (71) 6.3 (356) 4.4 (77) NA NA
 Smoking less -including cessation 6.9 (137) 4.0 (46) 2.5 (57) 1.0 (41) 1.0 (24) 6.8 (339) 4.2 (83) NA NA
 Pre-pandemic current vaping NA NA NA NA NA 7.5 (490) NA NA NA
 Current vaping (during pandemic) 7.4 (122) 10.2 (106) 9.5 (228) 5.7 (189) 3.3 (87) 6.6 (423) NA NA NA
 Vaping more—including relapse and initiation 3.0 (51) 5.0 (52) 2.5 (67) 1.0 (41) 1.0 (26) 2.3 (124) NA NA NA
 Vaping less—including cessation 1.4 (27) 1.2 (13) 0.5 (15) 0.4 (16) < 1.0 (< 10) 3.3 (188) NA NA NA
Alcohol consumption
 Drinks 4+ days a week (pre-pandemic) 8.6 (143) 6.2 (72) 15 (496) 24 (1,145) NA 28.2 (2314) NA NA NA
 Drinks 4+ days a week (during the pandemic) 9.6 (151) 13.8 (197) 27.0 (911) 29.7 (1,405) NA 51.7 (4272) NA NA NA
 Drinks more frequently 17.4 (351) 30.5 (492) 25.3 (883) 15.4 (707) NA 34.6 (3009) NA NA NA
 Drinks less frequently 36.2 (786) 14.1 (222) 8.0 (242) 12.4 (519) NA 24.4 (1904) NA NA NA
 Drinks 5+ drinks per occasion (pre-pandemic) 30.8 (687) 12 (180) 12 (329) 9.3 (372) NA 16.8 (1040) NA NA NA
 Drinks 5+ drinks per occasion (during the pandemic) 10.6 (171) 8.6 (102) 11.7 (325) 9.0 (333) NA 6.9 (485) NA NA NA
 More drinks per occasion 17.4 (351) 30.5 (492) 25.3 (883) 15.4 (707) NA 9.4 (743) NA NA NA
 Fewer drinks per occasion 46.5 (782) 20.2 (239) 10.4 (242) 9.8 (297) NA 36.6 (2695) NA NA NA
 Drinks 4+ days/week or 5+ drinks per occasion (pre-pandemic) 35 (748) 17.9 (247) 24.4 (742) 28.9 (1325) NA 42.8 (3200) NA NA NA
 Drinks 4+ days/week or 5+ drinks per occasion (during the pandemic) 18.2 (282) 21.0 (273) 33.4 (1054) 34.8 (1507) NA 55.8 (4536) NA NA NA
 Drinks more/more frequently 23.7 (396) 36.7 (541) 31.7 (1025) 21.1 (889) 26.3 (685) 38.4 (3329) 18.1 (455) 38.1 (789) 13.7 (175)
 Drinks less/less frequently 58.4 (921) 26.9 (314) 14.2 (343) 15.3 (497) 15.2 (394) 42.3 (3217) 14.3 (318) 35.1 (730) 38.9 (496)
  1. MCS Millennium Cohort Study, NS Next Steps, BCS 1970 British Cohort Study, NCDS National Child Development Study, GS Generation Scotland, USOC Understanding Society, ELSA English Longitudinal Study of Aging, ALSPAC Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (G0 = parents, G1 = children). For more information about the questions asked in each dataset, and how the change variables were coded, please see Additional file 2. Percentages are weighted (except GS). Note: Analysis for GS, USOC, and ELSA restricted to participants aged 66 and younger. NA not available