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  • Correction
  • Open Access

Correction to: Frailty, nutrition-related parameters, and mortality across the adult age spectrum

  • 1, 2,
  • 2, 3,
  • 4,
  • 2, 5 and
  • 3, 6Email author
BMC Medicine201816:235

https://doi.org/10.1186/s12916-018-1227-z

  • Received: 15 November 2018
  • Accepted: 7 December 2018
  • Published:

The original article was published in BMC Medicine 2018 16:188

Correction to: BMC Med (2018) 16:188

https://doi.org/10.1186/s12916-018-1176-6

The original article [1] contained an error whereby Table 5 within the Appendix was presented incorrectly. This error has now been corrected and Table 5 is presented appropriately.
Table 5

Normal range of parameter

Parameter

Normal range

Score in nutritional index

0

1

Nutrient intakes

 Energy (kcal/day)

M ≥ 2400, F ≥ 1800

Normal range

M < 2400, F < 1800

 Energy per weight (kcal/kg/day)

25-35

≥ 25

< 25

 Protein (g/day)

M ≥ 56, F ≥ 46

Normal range

M < 56, F < 46

 Protein per weight (g/kg/day)

< 65 years, ≥ 0.8

≥ 65 years, ≥ 1

Normal range

< 65 years, < 0.8

≥ 65 years, < 1.0

 Carbohydrate (g/day)

≥ 180

Normal range

< 180

 Simple sugar (mg/day)

M < 36, F < 25

--

--

 Dietary fiber (g/1,000 kcal/day)

> 14

--

--

 Percentage of fat (%)

20-35

--

--

 Percentage of saturated fat (%)

< 10

Normal range

≥ 10

 Cholesterol (mg/day)

< 300

--

--

 Vitamin A, RAE (mcg/day)

M 900-3000

F 700-3000

Normal range

M < 900 or > 3000

F < 700 or > 3000

 Vitamin C (mg/day)

M 90-2000, F 75-2000

Normal range

M < 90 or > 2000

F < 75 or > 2000

 Vitamin E (mg/day)

15-1000

--

--

 Vitamin K (mcg/day)

M ≥ 120, F ≥ 90

--

--

 Thiamin (mg/day)

M ≥ 1.2, F ≥ 1.1

Normal range

M < 1.2, F < 1.1

 Riboflavin (mg/day)

M ≥ 1.3, F ≥ 1.1

Normal range

M < 1.3, F < 1.1

 Niacin (mg/day)

M 16-35, F 14-35

Normal range

M < 16 or > 35

F < 14 or > 35

 Pyridoxine (mg/day)

≤ 50 years, 1.3-100

> 50 years, M 1.7-100

> 50 years, F 1.5-100

Normal range

≤ 50 years, < 1.3 or > 100

> 50 years, M < 1.7 or > 100

> 50 years, F < 1.5 or > 100

 Folate (mcg/day)

400-1000

Normal range

< 400 or > 1000

 Cobalamin (mcg/day)

≥ 2.4

--

--

 Calcium (mg/day)

M ≤ 70 years, 1000-2500

M >70 years, 1200-2500

F ≤50 years, 1000-2500

F >50 years, 1200-2500

--

--

 Phosphorous (mg/day)

700-4000

Normal range

< 700 or > 4000

 Magnesium (mg/day)

M ≥ 420, F ≥ 320

--

--

 Iron (mg/day)

M 8-45

F ≤ 50 years, 18-45

F > 50 years, 8-45

--

--

 Zinc (mg/day)

M 11-40, F 8-40

--

--

 Copper (mg/day)

0.9-10

Normal range

< 0.9 or > 10

 Sodium (mg/day)

≤ 50 years, 1500-2300

> 50-70 years, 1300-2300

> 70 years, 1200-2300

≤ 50 years, ≥1,500

> 50-70 years, ≥ 1300

> 70 years, ≥1200

≤ 50 years, < 1500

> 50-70 years, < 1300

> 70 years, < 1200

 Potassium (mg/day)

≥ 4700

--

--

 Selenium (mcg/day)

55-400

Normal range

< 55 or > 400

 Caffeine (mg/day)

≤ 400

--

--

 Alcohol (g/day)

M ≤ 28, F ≤ 14

--

--

 Linoleic acid (g/day)

≤ 50 years, M ≥ 17, F ≥ 12

> 50 years, M ≥ 14, F ≥ 11

--

--

 α-Linolenic acid (g/day)

M ≥ 1.6, F ≥ 1.1

--

--

 Fish oil (g/day)*

≥ 0.25

Normal range

< 0.25

Anthropometric measurements

 Body mass index (kg/m2)

18.5-24.9**

18.5-29.9

< 18.5 or ≥ 30.0

 Body weight change in past 1 year (%)

≤ 10

Normal range

> 10

 Waist circumference (cm)

M < 94, F < 80

Normal range

M ≥ 94, F ≥ 80

 Triceps skinfold (mm)

M 7.5-24.3, F 14.0-33.7

Normal range

M < 7.5 or > 24.3

F < 14.0 or > 33.7

 Subscapular skinfold (mm)

M 10.3-30.5, F 10.3-33.9

--

--

Blood tests

 Total lymphocyte count (cells/mm3)

> 1500

Normal range

≤ 1500

 Haemoglobin (g/dL)

M 13.5-18.0, F 12.0-16.0

Normal range

M < 13.5 or > 18.0

F < 12.0 or > 16.0

 MCV (fL)

80-100

Normal range

< 80 or > 100

 Albumin (g/L)

35-55

Normal range

< 35 or > 55

 Vitamin A (mcmol/L)

0.35-3.00

Normal range

< 0.35 or > 3.00

 Vitamin C (mg/dL)

0.2-2.0

Normal range

< 0.2 or > 2.0

 Vitamin D (ng/mL)

20-50

Normal range

< 20 or > 50

 Pyridoxine (nmol/L)

> 20

Normal range

≤ 20

 Folate, RBC (ng/mL)

≥ 140

--

--

 Cobalamin (pg/L)

> 200

--

--

 α-carotene (mcg/dL)

1.3-9.2

≥ 1.3

< 1.3

 β-carotene (mcg/dL)

6.4-35.1

≥ 6.4

< 6.4

 β-cryptoxanthin (mcg/dL)

4.0-16.4

≥ 4.0

< 4.0

 Lutein/Zeaxanthin (mcg/dL)

11.1-33.0

≥ 11.1

< 11.1

 Lycopene (mcg/dL)

11.9-36.1

≥ 11.9

< 11.9

 Iron, serum (mcg/dL)

50-180

Normal range

< 50 or > 180

 Creatinine (mg/dL)

M 0.80–1.40,

F 0.56–1.00

Normal range

M < 0.80 or > 1.40

F < 0.56 or > 1.00

 Total cholesterol (mg/dL)

< 200

--

--

 Triglyceride (mg/dL)

< 150

Normal range

≥ 150

 HDL-c (mg/dL)

M > 40, F > 50

Normal range

M ≤ 40, F ≤ 50

 LDL-c (mg/dL)

< 130

--

--

 Glucose (mg/dL)

70-100

Normal range

< 70 or > 100

 Homocysteine (mcmol/L)

≤ 21.6

Normal range

> 21.6

F female; HDL-c High density lipoprotein cholesterol; LDL-c Low density lipoprotein cholesterol; M male; MCV Mean corpuscular volume; RAE Retinol activity equivalents; RBC red blood cell. -- These variables were excluded from the nutritional index due to high missing data or no relationship with high frailty; * Dietary fish oil is the combination between docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) in dietary intake.; ** <18.5 kg/m2 (underweight), 25-29.9 kg/m2 (overweight), ≥30 kg/m2 (obese)

Notes

Declarations

Open AccessThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Chakri Naruebodindra Medical Institute, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
(2)
Department of Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
(3)
Centre for Health Care of the Elderly, QEII Health Sciences Centre, Nova Scotia Health Authority, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
(4)
MRC Unit for Lifelong Health and Ageing, UCL, London, UK
(5)
Department of Nutrition, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
(6)
Division of Geriatric Medicine, Department of Medicine, Dalhousie University, Camp Hill Veterans’ Memorial Bldg., 5955 Veterans’ Memorial Lane, Halifax, Nova Scotia, B3H 2E1, Canada

Reference

  1. Jayanama K, et al. Frailty, nutrition-related parameters, and mortality across the adult age spectrum. BMC Med. 2018;16:188 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12916-018-1176-6.View ArticleGoogle Scholar

Copyright

© The Author(s). 2018

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