Williams D. Pregnancy: a stress test for life. Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol. 2003;15(6):465–71.
Mito A, Arata N, Qiu D, Sakamoto N, Murashima A, Ichihara A, Matsuoka R, Sekizawa A, Ohya Y, Kitagawa M. Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy: a strong risk factor for subsequent hypertension 5 years after delivery. Hypertens Res. 2018;41(2):141–6.
Bergen NE, Schalekamp-Timmermans S, Roos-Hesselink J, Roeters van Lennep JE, Jaddoe VVW, Steegers EAP. Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and subsequent maternal cardiovascular health. Eur J Epidemiol. 2018;33(8):763–71.
Marin R, Gorostidi M, Portal CG, Sanchez M, Sanchez E, Alvarez J. Long-term prognosis of hypertension in pregnancy. Hypertens Pregnancy. 2000;19(2):199–209.
Chesley LC, Annitto JE, Cosgrove RA. The remote prognosis of eclamptic women. Sixth periodic report. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1976;124(5):446–59.
Svensson A, Andersch B, Hansson L. Prediction of later hypertension following a hypertensive pregnancy. J Hypertens Suppl. 1983;1(2):94–6.
Bellamy L, Casas JP, Hingorani AD, Williams DJ. Pre-eclampsia and risk of cardiovascular disease and cancer in later life: systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ. 2007;335(7627):974.
Hooijschuur MCE, Ghossein-Doha C, Kroon AA, De Leeuw PW, Zandbergen AAM, Van Kuijk SMJ, Spaanderman MEA. Metabolic syndrome and pre-eclampsia. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2019;54(1):64–71.
Sattar N, Greer IA. Pregnancy complications and maternal cardiovascular risk: opportunities for intervention and screening? BMJ. 2002;325(7356):157–60.
Wilson BJ, Watson MS, Prescott GJ, Sunderland S, Campbell DM, Hannaford P, Smith WC. Hypertensive diseases of pregnancy and risk of hypertension and stroke in later life: results from cohort study. BMJ. 2003;326(7394):845.
Hauspurg A, Countouris ME, Catov JM. Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and future maternal health: how can the evidence guide postpartum management? Curr Hypertens Rep. 2019;21(12):96.
Brizzi P, Tonolo G, Esposito F, Puddu L, Dessole S, Maioli M, Milia S. Lipoprotein metabolism during normal pregnancy. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1999;181(2):430–4.
Emet T, Ustuner I, Guven SG, Balik G, Ural UM, Tekin YB, Senturk S, Sahin FK, Avsar AF. Plasma lipids and lipoproteins during pregnancy and related pregnancy outcomes. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2013;288(1):49–55.
Mazurkiewicz JC, Watts GF, Warburton FG, Slavin BM, Lowy C, Koukkou E. Serum lipids, lipoproteins and apolipoproteins in pregnant non-diabetic patients. J Clin Pathol. 1994;47(8):728–31.
Herrera E. Lipid metabolism in pregnancy and its consequences in the fetus and newborn. Endocrine. 2002;19(1):43–55.
Chiang AN, Yang ML, Hung JH, Chou P, Shyn SK, Ng HT. Alterations of serum lipid levels and their biological relevances during and after pregnancy. Life Sci. 1995;56(26):2367–75.
Grimes SB, Wild R. Effect of pregnancy on lipid metabolism and lipoprotein levels; 2000.
Wiznitzer A, Mayer A, Novack V, Sheiner E, Gilutz H, Malhotra A, Novack L. Association of lipid levels during gestation with preeclampsia and gestational diabetes mellitus: a population-based study. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2009;201(5):482 e481–488.
Enquobahrie DA, Williams MA, Butler CL, Frederick IO, Miller RS, Luthy DA. Maternal plasma lipid concentrations in early pregnancy and risk of preeclampsia. Am J Hypertens. 2004;17(7):574–81.
Adank MC, Benschop L, Peterbroers KR, Smak Gregoor AM, Kors AW, Mulder MT, Schalekamp-Timmermans S, Roeters Van Lennep JE, Steegers EAP. Is maternal lipid profile in early pregnancy associated with pregnancy complications and blood pressure in pregnancy and long term postpartum? Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2019;221(2):150 e151–13.
Benschop L, Bergen NE, Schalekamp-Timmermans S, Jaddoe VWV, Mulder MT, Steegers EAP, Roeters van Lennep JE. Maternal lipid profile 6 years after a gestational hypertensive disorder. J Clin Lipidol. 2018;12(2):428–36 e424.
Kooijman MN, Kruithof CJ, van Duijn CM, Duijts L, Franco OH, van IJzendoorn MH, de Jongste JC, Klaver CC, van der Lugt A, Mackenbach JP, et al. The generation R study: design and cohort update 2017. Eur J Epidemiol. 2016;31(12):1243–64.
von Elm E, Altman DG, Egger M, Pocock SJ, Gotzsche PC, Vandenbroucke JP, Initiative S. The strengthening the reporting of observational studies in epidemiology (STROBE) statement: guidelines for reporting observational studies. J Clin Epidemiol. 2008;61(4):344–9.
Kruithof CJ, Kooijman MN, van Duijn CM, Franco OH, de Jongste JC, Klaver CC, Mackenbach JP, Moll HA, Raat H, Rings EH, et al. The generation R study: biobank update 2015. Eur J Epidemiol. 2014;29(12):911–27.
Friedewald WT, Levy RI, Fredrickson DS. Estimation of the concentration of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in plasma, without use of the preparative ultracentrifuge. Clin Chem. 1972;18(6):499–502.
El Assaad MA, Topouchian JA, Darne BM, Asmar RG. Validation of the Omron HEM-907 device for blood pressure measurement. Blood Press Monit. 2002;7(4):237–41.
Expert Panel on Detection E, Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in A. Executive summary of the third report of the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) expert panel on detection, evaluation, and treatment of high blood cholesterol in adults (adult treatment panel III). JAMA. 2001;285(19):2486–97.
Coolman M, de Groot CJ, Jaddoe VW, Hofman A, Raat H, Steegers EA. Medical record validation of maternally reported history of preeclampsia. J Clin Epidemiol. 2010;63(8):932–7.
Brown MA, Lindheimer MD, de Swiet M, Van Assche A, Moutquin JM. The classification and diagnosis of the hypertensive disorders of pregnancy: statement from the International Society for the Study of Hypertension in Pregnancy (ISSHP). Hypertens Pregnancy. 2001;20(1):IX–XIV.
Sterne JA, White IR, Carlin JB, Spratt M, Royston P, Kenward MG, Wood AM, Carpenter JR. Multiple imputation for missing data in epidemiological and clinical research: potential and pitfalls. BMJ. 2009;338:b2393.
Graham JW, Olchowski AE, Gilreath TD. How many imputations are really needed? Some practical clarifications of multiple imputation theory. Prev Sci. 2007;8(3):206–13.
Parikh NI, Laria B, Nah G, Singhal M, Vittinghoff E, Vieten C, Stotland N, Coleman-Phox K, Adler N, Albert MA, et al. Cardiovascular disease-related pregnancy complications are associated with increased maternal levels and trajectories of cardiovascular disease biomarkers during and after pregnancy. J Women's Health (Larchmt). 2020;29(10):1283–91. PMID: 31934809. PMCID: PMC7583330. https://doi.org/10.1089/jwh.2018.7560.
Moore JX, Chaudhary N, Akinyemiju T. Metabolic syndrome prevalence by race/ethnicity and sex in the United States, National Health and nutrition examination survey, 1988-2012. Prev Chronic Dis. 2017;14:E24.
Wamala SP, Lynch J, Horsten M, Mittleman MA, Schenck-Gustafsson K, Orth-Gomer K. Education and the metabolic syndrome in women. Diabetes Care. 1999;22(12):1999–2003.
Veerbeek JH, Hermes W, Breimer AY, van Rijn BB, Koenen SV, Mol BW, Franx A, de Groot CJ, Koster MP. Cardiovascular disease risk factors after early-onset preeclampsia, late-onset preeclampsia, and pregnancy-induced hypertension. Hypertension. 2015;65(3):600–6.
Smith GN, Pudwell J, Walker M, Wen SW. Risk estimation of metabolic syndrome at one and three years after a pregnancy complicated by preeclampsia. J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2012;34(9):836–41.
Balder JW, Rimbert A, Zhang X, Viel M, Kanninga R, van Dijk F, Lansberg P, Sinke R, Kuivenhoven JA. Genetics, lifestyle, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in young and apparently healthy women. Circulation. 2018;137(8):820–31.
Hamsten A, Iselius L, Dahlen G, de Faire U. Genetic and cultural inheritance of serum lipids, low and high density lipoprotein cholesterol and serum apolipoproteins A-I, A-II and B. Atherosclerosis. 1986;60(3):199–208.
Fuentes RM, Notkola IL, Shemeikka S, Tuomilehto J, Nissinen A. Familial aggregation of serum total cholesterol: a population-based family study in eastern Finland. Prev Med. 2000;31(5):603–7.
Kathiresan S, Musunuru K, Orho-Melander M. Defining the spectrum of alleles that contribute to blood lipid concentrations in humans. Curr Opin Lipidol. 2008;19(2):122–7.
Ray JG, Vermeulen MJ, Schull MJ, Redelmeier DA. Cardiovascular health after maternal placental syndromes (CHAMPS): population-based retrospective cohort study. Lancet. 2005;366(9499):1797–803.
Authors/Task Force M, Piepoli MF, Hoes AW, Agewall S, Albus C, Brotons C, Catapano AL, Cooney MT, Corra U, Cosyns B, et al. 2016 European Guidelines on cardiovascular disease prevention in clinical practice: The Sixth Joint Task Force of the European Society of Cardiology and Other Societies on Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Clinical Practice (constituted by representatives of 10 societies and by invited experts): Developed with the special contribution of the European Association for Cardiovascular Prevention & Rehabilitation (EACPR). Eur J Prev Cardiol. 2016;23(11):NP1–NP96.
Bushnell C, McCullough LD, Awad IA, Chireau MV, Fedder WN, Furie KL, Howard VJ, Lichtman JH, Lisabeth LD, Pina IL, et al. Guidelines for the prevention of stroke in women: a statement for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association. Stroke. 2014;45(5):1545–88.
Lindqvist M, Lindkvist M, Eurenius E, Persson M, Mogren I. Change of lifestyle habits - motivation and ability reported by pregnant women in northern Sweden. Sex Reprod Healthc. 2017;13:83–90.
Nordestgaard BG, Langsted A, Mora S, Kolovou G, Baum H, Bruckert E, Watts GF, Sypniewska G, Wiklund O, Boren J, et al. Fasting is not routinely required for determination of a lipid profile: clinical and laboratory implications including flagging at desirable concentration cut-points-a joint consensus statement from the European atherosclerosis society and European Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine. Eur Heart J. 2016;37(25):1944–58.