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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of participants in two main dietary patterns (N = 116,806)

From: Associations between dietary patterns and the incidence of total and fatal cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality in 116,806 individuals from the UK Biobank: a prospective cohort study

  Total
(N = 116,806)
Dietary pattern 1 Dietary pattern 2
Quintile 1
(N = 23,362)
Quintile 3
(N = 23,361)
Quintile 5
(N = 23,361)
P value* Quintile 1
(N = 23,362)
Quintile 3
(N = 23,361)
Quintile 5
(N = 23,361)
P value*
Demographics
 Men (%) 42.7 28.7 40.1 63.4 <0.001 43.7 38.4 51.1 <0.001
 Age (years) 55.9 ± 7.8 57.2 ± 7.3 56.1 ± 7.7 53.9 ± 8.1 <0.001 55.9 ± 7.7 56.1 ± 7.8 55.1 ± 8.1 <0.001
 White (%) 96.7 96.5 96.8 96.6 0.212 97.6 97.2 94.6 <0.001
Socioeconomic status
 Townsend index (quintile 5) 19.9 19.3 18.6 22.5 <0.001 20.8 18.8 21.4 <0.001
 Higher degree group (college, university or professional degree/qualification) (%) 52.1 56.9 52.7 44.9 <0.001 53.5 52.0 50.6 <0.001
Behavioral risk factors
 Current smoker (%) 6.8 3.8 5.5 12.6 <0.001 8.5 6.0 7.1 <0.001
 Low physical activity group (%) 19.2 14.1 19.4 23.9 <0.001 19.7 19.6 18.0 <0.001
Medical conditions
 Obese (BMI > 30) (%) 18.6 15.9 17.4 23.6 <0.001 20.8 18.2 17.6 <0.001
 Post-menopause in women (%) 41.3 34.6 41.7 54.5 <0.001 40.9 40.8 44.6 <0.001
 Hypertension (%) 44.7 46.3 46.9 48.8 <0.001 46.4 46.9 48.0 0.002
 Diabetes (%) 3.7 3.9 3.7 3.8 0.057 5.3 3.7 2.6 <0.001
 High cholesterol (%) 82.3 81.6 83.0 81.5 <0.001 82.7 82.7 81.1 <0.001
Dietary intake
 Energy intake (MJ/day) 8.69 ± 2.23 8.19 ± 2.06 8.35 ± 1.98 10.06 ± 2.49 <0.001 9.35 ± 2.39 8.26 ± 2.06 8.99 ± 2.29 <0.001
 Energy density (kJ/g) 6.5 ± 1.6 4.8 ± 0.8 6.4 ± 0.8 8.4 ± 1.4 <0.001 7.1 ± 1.6 6.3 ± 1.5 6.4 ± 1.6 <0.001
 Saturated fatty acids (%E) 11.7 ± 3.2 9.7 ± 2.6 11.8 ± 2.8 13.4 ± 3.3 <0.001 14.4 ± 2.9 11.3 ± 2.7 10.0 ± 2.8 <0.001
 Free sugars (%E) 11.4 ± 5.2 8.8 ± 4.1 11.3 ± 4.5 14.5 ± 6.1 <0.001 7.6 ± 3.3 10.5 ± 3.6 17.3 ± 5.2 <0.001
 Fiber (g/day) 18.1 ± 6.2 23.3 ± 6.7 17.2 ± 5.0 15.2 ± 5.3 <0.001 18.2 ± 6.2 17.8 ± 6.0 18.5 ± 6.8 <0.001
 Fiber density (g/MJ) 2.1 ± 0.6 2.9 ± 0.6 2.1 ± 0.4 1.5 ± 0.4 <0.001 2.0 ± 0.6 2.2 ± 0.7 2.1 ± 0.7 <0.001
  1. *Analysis of variance or chi-square test where appropriate. Plus-minus values are means ± standard deviation (SD)