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933 result(s) for 'alcohol' within BMC Medicine

Page 19 of 19

  1. The appropriate limit to the amount of daily sedentary time (ST) required to minimize mortality is uncertain. This meta-analysis aimed to quantify the dose-response association between daily ST and all-cause m...

    Authors: Po-Wen Ku, Andrew Steptoe, Yung Liao, Ming-Chun Hsueh and Li-Jung Chen
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2018 16:74
  2. HIV epidemiology among female sex workers (FSWs) and their clients in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region is poorly understood. We addressed this gap through a comprehensive epidemiological assessment.

    Authors: Hiam Chemaitelly, Helen A. Weiss, Clara Calvert, Manale Harfouche and Laith J. Abu-Raddad
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2019 17:119
  3. Zika virus (ZIKV) is a mosquito-borne flavivirus that has newly emerged as a significant global threat, especially to pregnancy. Recent major outbreaks in the Pacific and in Central and South America have been...

    Authors: Phillipe Boeuf, Heidi E. Drummer, Jack S. Richards, Michelle J. L. Scoullar and James G. Beeson
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2016 14:112
  4. Clinical care alone at the end of life is unlikely to meet all needs. Volunteers are a key resource, acceptable to patients, but there is no evidence on care outcomes. This study aimed to determine whether sup...

    Authors: Catherine Walshe, Steven Dodd, Matt Hill, Nick Ockenden, Sheila Payne, Nancy Preston and Guillermo Perez Algorta
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2016 14:203
  5. Provision of routine iron supplements to prevent anaemia could increase the risk for lower genital tract infections as virulence of some pathogens depends on iron availability. This trial in Burkina Faso asses...

    Authors: Loretta Brabin, Stephen A. Roberts, Sabine Gies, Andrew Nelson, Salou Diallo, Christopher J. Stewart, Adama Kazienga, Julia Birtles, Sayouba Ouedraogo, Yves Claeys, Halidou Tinto, Umberto d’Alessandro, E. Brian Faragher and Bernard Brabin
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2017 15:206
  6. In 2005, the FDA cautioned that exposure to paroxetine, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), during the first trimester of pregnancy may increase the risk of cardiac malformations. Since then, the ...

    Authors: Shan-Yan Gao, Qi-Jun Wu, Ce Sun, Tie-Ning Zhang, Zi-Qi Shen, Cai-Xia Liu, Ting-Ting Gong, Xin Xu, Chao Ji, Dong-Hui Huang, Qing Chang and Yu-Hong Zhao
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2018 16:205
  7. Inflammation occurs as an immediate protective response of the immune system to a harmful stimulus, whether locally confined or systemic. In contrast, a persisting, i.e., chronic, inflammatory state, even at a...

    Authors: Maik Pietzner, Anne Kaul, Ann-Kristin Henning, Gabi Kastenmüller, Anna Artati, Markus M. Lerch, Jerzy Adamski, Matthias Nauck and Nele Friedrich
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2017 15:210
  8. Verbal autopsy (VA) is recognized as the only feasible alternative to comprehensive medical certification of deaths in settings with no or unreliable vital registration systems. However, a barrier to its use b...

    Authors: Peter Serina, Ian Riley, Andrea Stewart, Abraham D. Flaxman, Rafael Lozano, Meghan D Mooney, Richard Luning, Bernardo Hernandez, Robert Black, Ramesh Ahuja, Nurul Alam, Sayed Saidul Alam, Said Mohammed Ali, Charles Atkinson, Abdulla H. Baqui, Hafizur R. Chowdhury…
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2015 13:302
  9. Acute symptomatic seizures and febrile seizures are common in children admitted to hospitals in Africa and may be markers of brain dysfunction. They may be associated with behavioural and emotional problems, b...

    Authors: Symon M. Kariuki, Amina Abubakar, Martha Kombe, Michael Kazungu, Rachael Odhiambo, Alan Stein and Charles R. J. C. Newton
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2018 16:35
  10. Whether testosterone treatment has benefits on body composition over and above caloric restriction in men is unknown. We hypothesised that testosterone treatment augments diet-induced loss of fat mass and prev...

    Authors: Mark Ng Tang Fui, Luke A. Prendergast, Philippe Dupuis, Manjri Raval, Boyd J. Strauss, Jeffrey D. Zajac and Mathis Grossmann
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2016 14:153
  11. Post-stroke dementia (PSD) or post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI) may affect up to one third of stroke survivors. Various definitions of PSCI and PSD have been described. We propose PSD as a label for any ...

    Authors: Milija D. Mijajlović, Aleksandra Pavlović, Michael Brainin, Wolf-Dieter Heiss, Terence J. Quinn, Hege B. Ihle-Hansen, Dirk M. Hermann, Einor Ben Assayag, Edo Richard, Alexander Thiel, Efrat Kliper, Yong-Il Shin, Yun-Hee Kim, SeongHye Choi, San Jung, Yeong-Bae Lee…
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2017 15:11
  12. The presence of additional chronic conditions has a significant impact on the treatment and management of type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Little is known about the patterns of comorbidities in this population. The aim...

    Authors: Magdalena Nowakowska, Salwa S. Zghebi, Darren M. Ashcroft, Iain Buchan, Carolyn Chew-Graham, Tim Holt, Christian Mallen, Harm Van Marwijk, Niels Peek, Rafael Perera-Salazar, David Reeves, Martin K. Rutter, Stephen F. Weng, Nadeem Qureshi, Mamas A. Mamas and Evangelos Kontopantelis
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2019 17:145

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Medicine 2020 18:22

  13. Excess body weight is a major risk factor for cardiometabolic diseases. The complex molecular mechanisms of body weight change-induced metabolic perturbations are not fully understood. Specifically, in-depth m...

    Authors: Simone Wahl, Susanne Vogt, Ferdinand Stückler, Jan Krumsiek, Jörg Bartel, Tim Kacprowski, Katharina Schramm, Maren Carstensen, Wolfgang Rathmann, Michael Roden, Carolin Jourdan, Antti J Kangas, Pasi Soininen, Mika Ala-Korpela, Ute Nöthlings, Heiner Boeing…
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2015 13:48
  14. HIV-associated immune defects inhibit tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis, promote development of extrapulmonary TB and paucibacillary pulmonary TB cases with atypical radiographic features, and increase TB relapse ra...

    Authors: Jia Fan, Hedong Zhang, Duc T. Nguyen, Christopher J. Lyon, Charles D. Mitchell, Zhen Zhao, Edward A. Graviss and Ye Hu
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2017 15:188
  15. Periconceptional folic acid prevents neural tube defects (NTDs), but it is uncertain whether there are benefits for offspring neurodevelopment arising from continued maternal folic acid supplementation beyond ...

    Authors: Helene McNulty, Mark Rollins, Tony Cassidy, Aoife Caffrey, Barry Marshall, James Dornan, Marian McLaughlin, Breige A. McNulty, Mary Ward, J. J. Strain, Anne M. Molloy, Diane J. Lees-Murdock, Colum P. Walsh and Kristina Pentieva
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2019 17:196
  16. The human brain is complex and interconnected structurally. Brain connectome change is associated with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and other neurodegenerative diseases. Genetics and genomics studies have identifi...

    Authors: Young Jae Woo, Panos Roussos, Vahram Haroutunian, Pavel Katsel, Samuel Gandy, Eric E. Schadt and Jun Zhu
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2020 18:23
  17. Celiac disease remains a challenging condition because of a steady increase in knowledge tackling its pathophysiology, diagnosis, management, and possible therapeutic options.

    Authors: Giacomo Caio, Umberto Volta, Anna Sapone, Daniel A. Leffler, Roberto De Giorgio, Carlo Catassi and Alessio Fasano
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2019 17:142
  18. There is growing interest in evaluating differences in healthcare interventions across routinely collected demographic characteristics. However, individual subgroup analyses in randomized controlled trials are...

    Authors: Patrick Liu, John P. A. Ioannidis, Joseph S. Ross, Sanket S. Dhruva, Anita T. Luxkaranayagam, Vasilis Vasiliou and Joshua D. Wallach
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2019 17:188
  19. Excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) leads to obstetric complications, maternal postpartum weight retention and an increased risk of offspring obesity. The GeliS study examines the effect of a lifestyle int...

    Authors: Julia Kunath, Julia Günther, Kathrin Rauh, Julia Hoffmann, Lynne Stecher, Eva Rosenfeld, Luzia Kick, Kurt Ulm and Hans Hauner
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2019 17:5
  20. Despite an early response to platinum-based chemotherapy in advanced stage high-grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSOC), the majority of patients will relapse with drug-resistant disease. Aberrant epigenetic alter...

    Authors: Tushar Tomar, Nicolette G. Alkema, Leroy Schreuder, Gert Jan Meersma, Tim de Meyer, Wim van Criekinge, Harry G. Klip, Heidi Fiegl, Els van Nieuwenhuysen, Ignace Vergote, Martin Widschwendter, Ed Schuuring, Ate G. J. van der Zee, Steven de Jong and G. Bea A. Wisman
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2017 15:116
  21. Reproductive events are associated with important physiologic changes, yet little is known about how reproductive factors influence long-term health in women. Our objective was to assess the relation of reprod...

    Authors: Melissa A. Merritt, Elio Riboli, Neil Murphy, Mai Kadi, Anne Tjønneland, Anja Olsen, Kim Overvad, Laure Dossus, Laureen Dartois, Françoise Clavel-Chapelon, Renée T. Fortner, Verena A. Katzke, Heiner Boeing, Antonia Trichopoulou, Pagona Lagiou, Dimitrios Trichopoulos…
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2015 13:252
  22. Maternal metabolism during pregnancy is a major determinant of the intra-uterine environment and fetal outcomes. Herein, we characterize the maternal urinary metabolome throughout pregnancy to identify materna...

    Authors: Léa Maitre, Cristina M. Villanueva, Matthew R. Lewis, Jesús Ibarluzea, Loreto Santa-Marina, Martine Vrijheid, Jordi Sunyer, Muireann Coen and Mireille B. Toledano
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2016 14:177
  23. Hypertension can be prevented by adopting healthy dietary patterns. Our aim was to assess the 4-year effect on blood pressure (BP) control of a randomized feeding trial promoting the traditional Mediterranean ...

    Authors: Estefania Toledo, Frank B Hu, Ramon Estruch, Pilar Buil-Cosiales, Dolores Corella, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, M Isabel Covas, Fernando Arós, Enrique Gómez-Gracia, Miquel Fiol, Jose Lapetra, Luis Serra-Majem, Xavier Pinto, Rosa M Lamuela-Raventós, Guillermo Saez, Mònica Bulló…
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2013 11:207
  24. The influence of genetics and environment on the association of the plasma proteome with body mass index (BMI) and changes in BMI remains underexplored, and the links to other omics in these associations remai...

    Authors: Gabin Drouard, Fiona A. Hagenbeek, Alyce M. Whipp, René Pool, Jouke Jan Hottenga, Rick Jansen, Nikki Hubers, Aleksei Afonin, Gonneke Willemsen, Eco J. C. de Geus, Samuli Ripatti, Matti Pirinen, Katja M. Kanninen, Dorret I. Boomsma, Jenny van Dongen and Jaakko Kaprio
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2023 21:508
  25. Major depression is one of the leading causes of disability worldwide, yet epidemiologic data are not available for many countries, particularly low- to middle-income countries. In this paper, we present data ...

    Authors: Evelyn Bromet, Laura Helena Andrade, Irving Hwang, Nancy A Sampson, Jordi Alonso, Giovanni de Girolamo, Ron de Graaf, Koen Demyttenaere, Chiyi Hu, Noboru Iwata, Aimee N Karam, Jagdish Kaur, Stanislav Kostyuchenko, Jean-Pierre Lépine, Daphna Levinson, Herbert Matschinger…
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2011 9:90
  26. PARP inhibitors have shown promising clinical results in cancer patients carrying BRCA1/2 mutations. Their clinical efficacy could logically be influenced by PARP1 protein levels in patient tumors.

    Authors: Maud Marques, Marie-Claude Beauchamp, Hubert Fleury, Ido Laskov, Sun Qiang, Manuela Pelmus, Diane Provencher, Anne-Marie Mes-Masson, Walter H. Gotlieb and Michael Witcher
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2015 13:217
  27. Serum retinol concentration determined by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) is recommended by the World Health Organization to assess population vitamin A status. This assay is expensive, technical...

    Authors: Elise F Talsma, Hans Verhoef, Inge D Brouwer, Anne S Mburu-de Wagt, Paul JM Hulshof and Alida Melse-Boonstra
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2015 13:30
  28. Promoting and supporting smoking reduction in smokers with no immediate intention of stopping smoking is controversial given existing fears that this will deter cessation and that reduction itself may not impr...

    Authors: Rachna Begh, Nicola Lindson-Hawley and Paul Aveyard
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2015 13:257
  29. Cutaneous melanoma is the deadliest skin cancer, with an increasing incidence and mortality rate. Currently, staging of patients with primary melanoma is performed using histological biomarkers such as tumor t...

    Authors: Jasper Wouters, Miguel Vizoso, Anna Martinez-Cardus, F. Javier Carmona, Olivier Govaere, Teresa Laguna, Jesuchristopher Joseph, Peter Dynoodt, Claudia Aura, Mona Foth, Roy Cloots, Karin van den Hurk, Balazs Balint, Ian G. Murphy, Enda W. McDermott, Kieran Sheahan…
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2017 15:101
  30. Specific phobia (SP) is a relatively common disorder associated with high levels of psychiatric comorbidity. Because of its early onset, SP may be a useful early marker of internalizing psychopathology, especi...

    Authors: Ymkje Anna de Vries, Ali Al-Hamzawi, Jordi Alonso, Guilherme Borges, Ronny Bruffaerts, Brendan Bunting, José Miguel Caldas-de-Almeida, Alfredo H. Cia, Giovanni De Girolamo, Rumyana V. Dinolova, Oluyomi Esan, Silvia Florescu, Oye Gureje, Josep Maria Haro, Chiyi Hu, Elie G. Karam…
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2019 17:101