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491 result(s) for 'alcohol' within BMC Medicine

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  1. Alcohol consumption is a leading contributor to death ... not examined the effects of different patterns of alcohol consumption. The study objective was to understand the relationship between different alcohol co...

    Authors: Bhautesh Dinesh Jani, Ross McQueenie, Barbara I. Nicholl, Ryan Field, Peter Hanlon, Katie I. Gallacher, Frances S. Mair and Jim Lewsey

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2021 19:8

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Excessive alcohol use increases risks of chronic diseases such ... of quality of life and life-years. Alcohol taxes can be considered as a public ... they are known to be able to decrease alcohol consumption. In ...

    Authors: Matthijs van den Berg, Pieter HM van Baal, Luqman Tariq, Albertine J Schuit, G Ardine de Wit and Rudolf T Hoogenveen

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2008 6:36

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Alcohol consumption is a major global risk factor ... the diverse findings on the complex relationship between alcohol consumption and the leading cause of death...

    Authors: Michael Roerecke and Jürgen Rehm

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2014 12:182

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Alcoholic beverages are widely consumed. Depression, the most prevalent mental disorder worldwide, has been related to alcohol intake. We aimed to prospectively assess the association between alcohol intake and i...

    Authors: Alfredo Gea, Juan J Beunza, Ramón Estruch, Almudena Sánchez-Villegas, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Pilar Buil-Cosiales, Enrique Gómez-Gracia, María-Isabel Covas, Dolores Corella, Miquel Fiol, Fernando Arós, José Lapetra, Rosa-María Lamuela-Raventós, Julia Wärnberg, Xavier Pintó, Lluis Serra-Majem…

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2013 11:192

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Despite intense investigation, the temporal sequence between alcohol consumption and mental health remains unclear. This study explored the relationship between alcohol consumption and mental health over multiple...

    Authors: Steven Bell and Annie Britton

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2014 12:91

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Study of the relationships of alcohol drinking and risk of stroke can readily ... intracerebral hemorrhage, and ischemic stroke, finding disparate alcohol–stroke relationships. Our Commentary pursues the disparit...

    Authors: Arthur L. Klatsky and H. Nicole Tran

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2016 14:193

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  7. Globally, illness and life expectancy follow a social gradient that puts people of lower socioeconomic status (SES) at higher risk of dying prematurely. Alcohol consumption has been shown to be a ... this study w...

    Authors: Charlotte Probst, Charles D. H. Parry, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen and Jürgen Rehm

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2018 16:97

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The consumption of alcohol increases the risk of drinkers harming others. The extent of alcohol’s morbidity and mortality harms to others ... in 2014 was estimated for (1) fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) or fetal alcohol

    Authors: Ludwig Kraus, Nicki-Nils Seitz, Kevin D. Shield, Gerrit Gmel and Jürgen Rehm

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2019 17:59

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  9. Although long-term alcohol and tobacco use have widely been recognised ... risk factors for cancer, the impacts of alcohol and tobacco health policies on cancer mortality ... study aims to estimate the associatio...

    Authors: Heng Jiang, Michael Livingston, Robin Room, Yong Gan, Dallas English and Richard Chenhall

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2019 17:213

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  10. Accurate measures of alcohol consumption are critical in assessing health harms caused by alcohol. In many countries, there are large ... based measures of consumption and those based on alcohol sales. In England...

    Authors: Mark A Bellis, Karen Hughes, Lisa Jones, Michela Morleo, James Nicholls, Ellie McCoy, Jane Webster and Harry Sumnall

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2015 13:113

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Alcohol consumption patterns change across life and this ... data. Analysis of longitudinal data, with repeat alcohol measures, is necessary to reveal changes within ... of the life course. Therefore, we examined...

    Authors: Annie Britton, Yoav Ben-Shlomo, Michaela Benzeval, Diana Kuh and Steven Bell

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2015 13:47

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Hazardous and harmful alcohol use and high blood pressure are central ... and interventions for hypertension and hazardous and harmful alcohol use in primary healthcare can contribute substantially...

    Authors: Jürgen Rehm, Peter Anderson, Jose Angel Arbesu Prieto, Iain Armstrong, Henri-Jean Aubin, Michael Bachmann, Nuria Bastida Bastus, Carlos Brotons, Robyn Burton, Manuel Cardoso, Joan Colom, Daniel Duprez, Gerrit Gmel, Antoni Gual, Ludwig Kraus, Reinhold Kreutz…

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2017 15:173

    Content type: Guideline

    Published on:

  13. Epidemiological evidence indicates a protective effect of light-moderate drinking on cardiovascular disease and an increased risk for heavier drinking. Nevertheless, the effect of alcohol on atherosclerotic chang...

    Authors: Annie Britton, Rebecca Hardy, Diana Kuh, John Deanfield, Marietta Charakida and Steven Bell

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2016 14:111

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  14. Studies have shown that alcohol intake trajectories differ in their associations with ... , we evaluated the association between long-term alcohol consumption trajectories and CHD.

    Authors: Dara O’Neill, Annie Britton, Mary K. Hannah, Marcel Goldberg, Diana Kuh, Kay Tee Khaw and Steven Bell

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2018 16:124

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Liver cirrhosis is a major yet largely preventable and underappreciated cause of global health loss. Variations in cirrhosis mortality at the country level reflect differences in prevalence of risk factors such a...

    Authors: Ali A Mokdad, Alan D Lopez, Saied Shahraz, Rafael Lozano, Ali H Mokdad, Jeff Stanaway, Christopher JL Murray and Mohsen Naghavi

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2014 12:145

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  16. Excess body weight, physical activity, smoking, alcohol consumption and certain dietary factors are individually ... weight, physical activity, non-smoking, limited alcohol consumption and a healthy diet, and to....

    Authors: Krasimira Aleksandrova, Tobias Pischon, Mazda Jenab, H Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Veronika Fedirko, Teresa Norat, Dora Romaguera, Sven Knüppel, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Laure Dossus, Laureen Dartois, Rudolf Kaaks, Kuanrong Li, Anne Tjønneland, Kim Overvad, José Ramón Quirós…

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2014 12:168

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  17. Hepatic failure has been associated with reported therapeutic use of acetaminophen by alcoholic patients. The highest risk period for alcoholic patients is immediately after discontinuation of alcohol intake. Thi...

    Authors: EK Kuffner, JL Green, GM Bogdan, PC Knox, RB Palmer, K Heard, JT Slattery and RC Dart

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2007 5:13

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  18. The impact of mental disorders among homeless people is likely to be substantial in low income countries because of underdeveloped social welfare and health systems. As a first step towards advocacy and provision...

    Authors: Abebaw Fekadu, Charlotte Hanlon, Emebet Gebre-Eyesus, Melkamu Agedew, Haddis Solomon, Solomon Teferra, Tsehaysina Gebre-Eyesus, Yonas Baheretibeb, Girmay Medhin, Teshome Shibre, Abraham Workneh, Teketel Tegegn, Alehegn Ketema, Philip Timms, Graham Thornicroft and Martin Prince

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2014 12:138

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  19. There is now evolving data exploring the relationship between depression and various individual lifestyle factors such as diet, physical activity, sleep, alcohol intake, and tobacco smoking. While this...

    Authors: Jerome Sarris, Russell Thomson, Fiona Hargraves, Melissa Eaton, Michael de Manincor, Nicola Veronese, Marco Solmi, Brendon Stubbs, Alison R. Yung and Joseph Firth

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2020 18:354

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  20. Smokeless tobacco (ST) is consumed by more than 300 million people worldwide. The distribution, determinants and health risks of ST differ from that of smoking; hence, there is a need to highlight its distinct...

    Authors: Kamran Siddiqi, Scheherazade Husain, Aishwarya Vidyasagaran, Anne Readshaw, Masuma Pervin Mishu and Aziz Sheikh

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2020 18:222

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The Mediterranean diet has been linked to a number of health benefits, including reduced mortality risk and lower incidence of cardiovascular disease. Definitions of the Mediterranean diet vary across some set...

    Authors: Antonia Trichopoulou, Miguel A Martínez-González, Tammy YN Tong, Nita G Forouhi, Shweta Khandelwal, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Dariush Mozaffarian and Michel de Lorgeril

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2014 12:112

    Content type: Forum

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  22. The forthcoming post-Millennium Development Goals era will bring about new challenges in global health. Low- and middle-income countries will have to contend with a dual burden of infectious and non-communicab...

    Authors: Alan D Lopez, Thomas N Williams, Adeera Levin, Marcello Tonelli, Jasvinder A Singh, Peter GJ Burney, Jürgen Rehm, Nora D Volkow, George Koob and Cleusa P Ferri

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2014 12:200

    Content type: Forum

    Published on:

  23. Stigma is associated with health conditions that drive disease burden in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), including HIV, tuberculosis, mental health problems, epilepsy, and substance use disorders. Ho...

    Authors: Jeremy C. Kane, Melissa A. Elafros, Sarah M. Murray, Ellen M. H. Mitchell, Jura L. Augustinavicius, Sara Causevic and Stefan D. Baral

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2019 17:17

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  24. Data were collected between January 2009 and March 2013 from 90 refugee camps across 15 LMIC. Visits to primary care settings were recorded for seven MNS categories: epilepsy/seizure; alcohol/substance use; menta...

    Authors: Jeremy C Kane, Peter Ventevogel, Paul Spiegel, Judith K Bass, Mark van Ommeren and Wietse A Tol

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2014 12:228

    Content type: Research article

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  25. After excluding the first 4 years of follow-up, we found that 32,465 women had a first coronary event (hospitalization or death) during follow-up. The adjusted relative risk for incident CHD per 5 kg/m2 increase ...

    Authors: Dexter Canoy, Benjamin J Cairns, Angela Balkwill, F Lucy Wright, Jane Green, Gillian Reeves and Valerie Beral

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2013 11:87

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  26. The final selection model included age, waist circumference, height, smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity, vegetables, dairy products...

    Authors: Krasimira Aleksandrova, Robin Reichmann, Rudolf Kaaks, Mazda Jenab, H. Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Christina C. Dahm, Anne Kirstine Eriksen, Anne Tjønneland, Fanny Artaud, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Gianluca Severi, Anika Hüsing, Antonia Trichopoulou, Anna Karakatsani, Eleni Peppa, Salvatore Panico…

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2021 19:1

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. Marked reversal of life expectancy has been linked to substance use and related policies. Three such examples are discussed herein, namely the double reversal of life expectancy trends (first to positive, then to...

    Authors: Jürgen Rehm, Peter Anderson, Benedikt Fischer, Antoni Gual and Robin Room

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2016 14:42

    Content type: Opinion

    Published on:

  28. We identified 22 separate recommendations on questionnaire-based screening, including three CTFPHC recommendations against screening, eight UKNSC recommendations against screening, four USPSTF recommendations in ...

    Authors: Brett D. Thombs, Nazanin Saadat, Kira E. Riehm, Justin Michael Karter, Akansha Vaswani, Bonnie K. Andrews, Peter Simons and Lisa Cosgrove

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2017 15:150

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. Some recent research has suggested that health-related behaviours, such as smoking, might explain much of the socio-economic inequalities in coronary heart disease (CHD) risk. In a large prospective study of UK w...

    Authors: Sarah Floud, Angela Balkwill, Kath Moser, Gillian K. Reeves, Jane Green, Valerie Beral and Benjamin J. Cairns

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2016 14:145

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. Life expectancy is increasing in Europe, yet a substantial proportion of adults still die prematurely before the age of 70 years. We sought to estimate the joint and relative contributions of tobacco smoking, hyp...

    Authors: David C. Muller, Neil Murphy, Mattias Johansson, Pietro Ferrari, Konstantinos K. Tsilidis, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Francoise Clavel, Laureen Dartois, Kuanrong Li, Rudolf Kaaks, Cornelia Weikert, Manuela Bergmann, Heiner Boeing, Anne Tjønneland, Kim Overvad, M. Luisa Redondo…

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2016 14:87

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. Adiposity is a strong risk factor for cancer incidence and mortality. However, most of the evidence available has focused on body mass index (BMI) as a marker of adiposity. There is limited evidence on relatio...

    Authors: Solange Parra-Soto, Emma S. Cowley, Leandro F. M. Rezende, Catterina Ferreccio, John C. Mathers, Jill P. Pell, Frederick K. Ho and Carlos Celis-Morales

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2021 19:7

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. Epidemiological and biomedical evidence link adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) with health-harming behaviors and the development of non-communicable disease in adults. Investment in interventions to improve...

    Authors: Mark A Bellis, Karen Hughes, Nicola Leckenby, Clare Perkins and Helen Lowey

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2014 12:72

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. Recently, some US cohorts have shown a moderate association between red and processed meat consumption and mortality supporting the results of previous studies among vegetarians. The aim of this study was to e...

    Authors: Sabine Rohrmann, Kim Overvad, H Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Marianne U Jakobsen, Rikke Egeberg, Anne Tjønneland, Laura Nailler, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Françoise Clavel-Chapelon, Vittorio Krogh, Domenico Palli, Salvatore Panico, Rosario Tumino, Fulvio Ricceri, Manuela M Bergmann, Heiner Boeing…

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2013 11:63

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. Excess iron has been shown to induce diabetes in animal models. However, the results from human epidemiologic studies linking body iron stores and iron intake to the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are...

    Authors: Wei Bao, Ying Rong, Shuang Rong and Liegang Liu

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2012 10:119

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. Pancreatitis is a critical public health problem, and the burden of pancreatitis is increasing. We report the rates and trends of the prevalence, incidence, and years lived with disability (YLDs) for pancreati...

    Authors: Guoqing Ouyang, Guangdong Pan, Qiang Liu, Yongrong Wu, Zhen Liu, Wuchang Lu, Shuai Li, Zheng Zhou and Yu Wen

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2020 18:388

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. Metabolomics helps to identify links between environmental exposures and intermediate biomarkers of disturbed pathways. We previously reported variations in phosphatidylcholines in male smokers compared with n...

    Authors: Tao Xu, Christina Holzapfel, Xiao Dong, Erik Bader, Zhonghao Yu, Cornelia Prehn, Katrin Perstorfer, Marta Jaremek, Werner Roemisch-Margl, Wolfgang Rathmann, Yixue Li, H -Erich Wichmann, Henri Wallaschofski, Karl H Ladwig, Fabian Theis, Karsten Suhre…

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2013 11:60

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. We identified 20 patient clusters across four age strata. The clusters with the highest mortality comprised psychoactive substance and alcohol misuse (aged 18–64); coronary heart...

    Authors: Yajing Zhu, Duncan Edwards, Jonathan Mant, Rupert A. Payne and Steven Kiddle

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2020 18:78

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. We analyzed clinical data from 253 male and female veterans, corresponding to five factors linked to metabolic syndrome (systolic and diastolic blood pressure, waist-to-hip ratio and fasting measures of high-dens...

    Authors: Pia S Heppner, Eric F Crawford, Uzair A Haji, Niloofar Afari, Richard L Hauger, Boris A Dashevsky, Paul S Horn, Sarah E Nunnink and Dewleen G Baker

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2009 7:1

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. Gene-environment interactions have the potential to shed light on biological processes leading to disease, identify individuals for whom risk factors are most relevant, and improve the accuracy of epidemiologi...

    Authors: Olivia Fletcher and Frank Dudbridge

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2014 12:195

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  40. During 8.2 years of mean follow-up, stroke was diagnosed in 89,120 (1.59%), MI in 62,577 (1.12%), and both stroke and MI in 146,744 (2.62%) participants. Multivariate-adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) for patients in ...

    Authors: Sangmo Hong, Kyungdo Han and Cheol-Young Park

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2020 18:361

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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