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930 result(s) for 'alcohol' within BMC Medicine

Page 2 of 19

  1. We used dietary, lifestyle, anthropometric and metabolic biomarker data from a random subsample of 15,784 EPIC cohort participants. NAFLD was assessed using the fatty liver index (FLI) and MetS using the revised ...

    Authors: Ana-Lucia Mayén, Mirna Sabra, Elom K. Aglago, Gabriel Perlemuter, Cosmin Voican, Ines Ramos, Charlotte Debras, Jessica Blanco, Vivian Viallon, Pietro Ferrari, Anja Olsen, Anne Tjønneland, Fie Langmann, Christina C. Dahm, Joseph Rothwell, Nasser Laouali…
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2024 22:221
  2. Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are negatively associated with a range of child health outcomes. In this study, we explored associations between five individual ACEs and child mental health diagnoses or symp...

    Authors: Emily Lowthian, Rebecca Anthony, Annette Evans, Rhian Daniel, Sara Long, Amrita Bandyopadhyay, Ann John, Mark A. Bellis and Shantini Paranjothy
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2021 19:172
  3. The impact of mental disorders among homeless people is likely to be substantial in low income countries because of underdeveloped social welfare and health systems. As a first step towards advocacy and provision...

    Authors: Abebaw Fekadu, Charlotte Hanlon, Emebet Gebre-Eyesus, Melkamu Agedew, Haddis Solomon, Solomon Teferra, Tsehaysina Gebre-Eyesus, Yonas Baheretibeb, Girmay Medhin, Teshome Shibre, Abraham Workneh, Teketel Tegegn, Alehegn Ketema, Philip Timms, Graham Thornicroft and Martin Prince
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2014 12:138
  4. UK Biobank recruited > 500,000 participants, aged 37–73, between 2006 and 2010. Health indicators examined were 81 cancer and 443 non-cancer illnesses used to classify participants' health status; long-standing i...

    Authors: Julian Mutz, Charlotte J. Roscoe and Cathryn M. Lewis
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2021 19:240
  5. There is now evolving data exploring the relationship between depression and various individual lifestyle factors such as diet, physical activity, sleep, alcohol intake, and tobacco smoking. While this...

    Authors: Jerome Sarris, Russell Thomson, Fiona Hargraves, Melissa Eaton, Michael de Manincor, Nicola Veronese, Marco Solmi, Brendon Stubbs, Alison R. Yung and Joseph Firth
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2020 18:354
  6. Smokeless tobacco (ST) is consumed by more than 300 million people worldwide. The distribution, determinants and health risks of ST differ from that of smoking; hence, there is a need to highlight its distinct...

    Authors: Kamran Siddiqi, Scheherazade Husain, Aishwarya Vidyasagaran, Anne Readshaw, Masuma Pervin Mishu and Aziz Sheikh
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2020 18:222
  7. This is a cross-sectional study of 201,466 (out of approximately 502,000) European participants from UK Biobank and tested for interactions and mediation role of lifestyle factors (diet quality; physical activity...

    Authors: Mengrong Zhang, Joey Ward, Rona J. Strawbridge, Carlos Celis-Morales, Jill P. Pell, Donald M. Lyall and Frederick K. Ho
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2024 22:230
  8. Within the UK Biobank, 416,481 gout-free participants (aged 37–74) were identified at baseline. Polygenic risk for gout was assessed and categorized as low (lowest tertile), middle (tertile 2), and high (highest ...

    Authors: Yuan Zhang, Rongrong Yang, Abigail Dove, Xuerui Li, Hongxi Yang, Shu Li, Ju Wang, Wei-Dong Li, Hongyu Zhao, Weili Xu and Yaogang Wang
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2022 20:138
  9. The forthcoming post-Millennium Development Goals era will bring about new challenges in global health. Low- and middle-income countries will have to contend with a dual burden of infectious and non-communicab...

    Authors: Alan D Lopez, Thomas N Williams, Adeera Levin, Marcello Tonelli, Jasvinder A Singh, Peter GJ Burney, Jürgen Rehm, Nora D Volkow, George Koob and Cleusa P Ferri
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2014 12:200
  10. Stigma is associated with health conditions that drive disease burden in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), including HIV, tuberculosis, mental health problems, epilepsy, and substance use disorders. Ho...

    Authors: Jeremy C. Kane, Melissa A. Elafros, Sarah M. Murray, Ellen M. H. Mitchell, Jura L. Augustinavicius, Sara Causevic and Stefan D. Baral
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2019 17:17
  11. Benzodiazepine use is common, particularly in older adults. Benzodiazepines have well-established acute adverse effects on cognition, but long-term effects on neurodegeneration and dementia risk remain uncertain.

    Authors: Ilse vom Hofe, Bruno H. Stricker, Meike W. Vernooij, M. Kamran Ikram, M. Arfan Ikram and Frank J. Wolters
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2024 22:266
  12. Data were collected between January 2009 and March 2013 from 90 refugee camps across 15 LMIC. Visits to primary care settings were recorded for seven MNS categories: epilepsy/seizure; alcohol/substance use; menta...

    Authors: Jeremy C Kane, Peter Ventevogel, Paul Spiegel, Judith K Bass, Mark van Ommeren and Wietse A Tol
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2014 12:228
  13. Nutritional factors are essential for the functioning of the immune system and could therefore play a role in COVID-19 but evidence is needed. Our objective was to study the associations between diet and the r...

    Authors: Mélanie Deschasaux-Tanguy, Bernard Srour, Laurent Bourhis, Nathalie Arnault, Nathalie Druesne-Pecollo, Younes Esseddik, Fabien Szabo de Edelenyi, Julien Allègre, Benjamin Allès, Valentina A. Andreeva, Julia Baudry, Leopold K. Fezeu, Pilar Galan, Chantal Julia, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot, Sandrine Péneau…
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2021 19:290
  14. Within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort, lifestyle profiles of 308,497 cancer-free adults (71% female) aged 35–70 years at recruitment across nine countries were asse...

    Authors: Komodo Matta, Vivian Viallon, Edoardo Botteri, Giulia Peveri, Christina Dahm, Anne Østergaard Nannsen, Anja Olsen, Anne Tjønneland, Alexis Elbaz, Fanny Artaud, Chloé Marques, Rudolf Kaaks, Verena Katzke, Matthias B. Schulze, Erand Llanaj, Giovanna Masala…
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2024 22:210
  15. Demographic and clinical information of 2901 young people who accessed mental health care at age 12–25 years was collected at predetermined timepoints (baseline, 3 months, 6 months, 12 months). Initial clinical s...

    Authors: William Capon, Ian B. Hickie, Mathew Varidel, Ante Prodan, Jacob J. Crouse, Joanne S. Carpenter, Shane P. Cross, Alissa Nichles, Natalia Zmicerevska, Adam J. Guastella, Elizabeth M. Scott, Jan Scott, Jai Shah and Frank Iorfino
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2022 20:479
  16. The Mediterranean diet has been linked to a number of health benefits, including reduced mortality risk and lower incidence of cardiovascular disease. Definitions of the Mediterranean diet vary across some set...

    Authors: Antonia Trichopoulou, Miguel A Martínez-González, Tammy YN Tong, Nita G Forouhi, Shweta Khandelwal, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Dariush Mozaffarian and Michel de Lorgeril
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2014 12:112
  17. After excluding the first 4 years of follow-up, we found that 32,465 women had a first coronary event (hospitalization or death) during follow-up. The adjusted relative risk for incident CHD per 5 kg/m2 increase ...

    Authors: Dexter Canoy, Benjamin J Cairns, Angela Balkwill, F Lucy Wright, Jane Green, Gillian Reeves and Valerie Beral
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2013 11:87
  18. The final selection model included age, waist circumference, height, smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity, vegetables, dairy products...

    Authors: Krasimira Aleksandrova, Robin Reichmann, Rudolf Kaaks, Mazda Jenab, H. Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Christina C. Dahm, Anne Kirstine Eriksen, Anne Tjønneland, Fanny Artaud, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Gianluca Severi, Anika Hüsing, Antonia Trichopoulou, Anna Karakatsani, Eleni Peppa, Salvatore Panico…
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2021 19:1
  19. For the metabolites previously associated with a lower risk of breast cancer, concentrations of PCs ae C34:2, C36:2, C36:3, and C38:2 were negatively associated with adiposity and positively associated with total...

    Authors: Mathilde His, Vivian Viallon, Laure Dossus, Julie A. Schmidt, Ruth C. Travis, Marc J. Gunter, Kim Overvad, Cecilie Kyrø, Anne Tjønneland, Lucie Lécuyer, Joseph A. Rothwell, Gianluca Severi, Theron Johnson, Verena Katzke, Matthias B. Schulze, Giovanna Masala…
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2021 19:312
  20. Human papilloma virus infection is known to influence oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) risk, likely via sexual transmission. However, sexual behaviour has been correlated with other risk factors including smoking and alcohol

    Authors: Mark Gormley, Tom Dudding, Linda Kachuri, Kimberley Burrows, Amanda H. W. Chong, Richard M. Martin, Steven J. Thomas, Jessica Tyrrell, Andrew R. Ness, Paul Brennan, Marcus R. Munafò, Miranda Pring, Stefania Boccia, Andrew F. Olshan, Brenda Diergaarde, Rayjean J. Hung…
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2022 20:40
  21. Marked reversal of life expectancy has been linked to substance use and related policies. Three such examples are discussed herein, namely the double reversal of life expectancy trends (first to positive, then to...

    Authors: Jürgen Rehm, Peter Anderson, Benedikt Fischer, Antoni Gual and Robin Room
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2016 14:42
  22. We identified 22 separate recommendations on questionnaire-based screening, including three CTFPHC recommendations against screening, eight UKNSC recommendations against screening, four USPSTF recommendations in ...

    Authors: Brett D. Thombs, Nazanin Saadat, Kira E. Riehm, Justin Michael Karter, Akansha Vaswani, Bonnie K. Andrews, Peter Simons and Lisa Cosgrove
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2017 15:150
  23. Some recent research has suggested that health-related behaviours, such as smoking, might explain much of the socio-economic inequalities in coronary heart disease (CHD) risk. In a large prospective study of UK w...

    Authors: Sarah Floud, Angela Balkwill, Kath Moser, Gillian K. Reeves, Jane Green, Valerie Beral and Benjamin J. Cairns
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2016 14:145
  24. Life expectancy is increasing in Europe, yet a substantial proportion of adults still die prematurely before the age of 70 years. We sought to estimate the joint and relative contributions of tobacco smoking, hyp...

    Authors: David C. Muller, Neil Murphy, Mattias Johansson, Pietro Ferrari, Konstantinos K. Tsilidis, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Francoise Clavel, Laureen Dartois, Kuanrong Li, Rudolf Kaaks, Cornelia Weikert, Manuela Bergmann, Heiner Boeing, Anne Tjønneland, Kim Overvad, M. Luisa Redondo…
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2016 14:87
  25. The specific microbiota and associated metabolites linked to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are still controversial. Thus, we aimed to understand how the core gut microbiota and metabolites impact N...

    Authors: Fangfang Zeng, Xin Su, Xinxiu Liang, Minqi Liao, Haili Zhong, Jinjian Xu, Wanglong Gou, Xiangzhou Zhang, Luqi Shen, Ju-Sheng Zheng and Yu-ming Chen
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2024 22:104
  26. Adiposity is a strong risk factor for cancer incidence and mortality. However, most of the evidence available has focused on body mass index (BMI) as a marker of adiposity. There is limited evidence on relatio...

    Authors: Solange Parra-Soto, Emma S. Cowley, Leandro F. M. Rezende, Catterina Ferreccio, John C. Mathers, Jill P. Pell, Frederick K. Ho and Carlos Celis-Morales
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2021 19:7
  27. Epidemiological and biomedical evidence link adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) with health-harming behaviors and the development of non-communicable disease in adults. Investment in interventions to improve...

    Authors: Mark A Bellis, Karen Hughes, Nicola Leckenby, Clare Perkins and Helen Lowey
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2014 12:72
  28. The impact of sodium intake on cardiovascular disease (CVD) health and mortality has been studied for decades, including the well-established association with blood pressure. However, non-linear patterns, dose...

    Authors: Lu Gan, Bin Zhao, Maki Inoue-Choi, Linda M. Liao, Barry I. Graubard, Stephanie J. Weinstein, Demetrius Albanes and Jiaqi Huang
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2024 22:132
  29. Recently, some US cohorts have shown a moderate association between red and processed meat consumption and mortality supporting the results of previous studies among vegetarians. The aim of this study was to e...

    Authors: Sabine Rohrmann, Kim Overvad, H Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Marianne U Jakobsen, Rikke Egeberg, Anne Tjønneland, Laura Nailler, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Françoise Clavel-Chapelon, Vittorio Krogh, Domenico Palli, Salvatore Panico, Rosario Tumino, Fulvio Ricceri, Manuela M Bergmann, Heiner Boeing…
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2013 11:63
  30. The relationship between non-alcoholic fatty liver degree as well as non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) remains poorly understood. We aimed to investigate the prospect...

    Authors: Shanshan Wu, Changzheng Yuan, Zhirong Yang, Si Liu, Qian Zhang, Shutian Zhang and Shengtao Zhu
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2022 20:262
  31. The global age-standardized rate of ureteral cancer incidence in 2022 was 22.3 per 10,000,000 people. Regions with higher human development index (HDI), such as Europe, Northern America, and East Asia, were found...

    Authors: Junjie Huang, Wing Sze Pang, Yat Ching Fung, Fung Yu Mak, Sze Chai Chan, Xianjing Liu, Lin Zhang, Don Eliseo Lucero-Prisno III, Wanghong Xu, Zhi-Jie Zheng, Marco Moschini, Benjamin Pradere, Francesco Soria, Dmitry Enikeev, Morgan Roupret, Shahrokh Shariat…
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2024 22:264
  32. Excess iron has been shown to induce diabetes in animal models. However, the results from human epidemiologic studies linking body iron stores and iron intake to the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are...

    Authors: Wei Bao, Ying Rong, Shuang Rong and Liegang Liu
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2012 10:119
  33. The risk of all-cause mortality increased by 6.7% (odds ratio (OR): 1.067, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.063–1.071) for every unit increase in flood index after confounders had been controlled for. The mortalit...

    Authors: Yao Wu, Danijela Gasevic, Bo Wen, Zhengyu Yang, Pei Yu, Guowei Zhou, Yan Zhang, Jiangning Song, Hong Liu, Shanshan Li and Yuming Guo
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2024 22:188
  34. The temporal relationship between adiposity and gut microbiota was unexplored. Whether some gut microbes lie in the pathways from adiposity to insulin resistance is less clear. Our study aims to reveal the tem...

    Authors: Kui Deng, Menglei Shuai, Zheqing Zhang, Zengliang Jiang, Yuanqing Fu, Luqi Shen, Ju-Sheng Zheng and Yu-ming Chen
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2022 20:171
  35. To assess the largely undetermined separate and joint effects of sleep and liver function biomarkers on liver cancer.

    Authors: Jiahao Song, Lieyang Fan, Da Shi, Xuefeng Lai, Hao Wang, Wei Liu, Linling Yu, Ruyi Liang, Yongfang Zhang, Shuhui Wan, Yueru Yang and Bin Wang
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2024 22:261
  36. Pancreatic cancer (PC) is influenced by both genetic and lifestyle factors. However, further research is still needed to comprehensively clarify the relationships among lifestyle, genetic factors, their combin...

    Authors: Liangtang Zeng, Zhuo Wu, Jiabin Yang, Yu Zhou and Rufu Chen
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2023 21:489
  37. Data on 744,036 MNS visits were collected from 175 refugee camps across 24 countries between 2009 and 2018. The HIS documented primary health care visits for seven MNS categories: epilepsy/seizures, alcohol/subst...

    Authors: Shoshanna L. Fine, Jeremy C. Kane, Paul B. Spiegel, Wietse A. Tol and Peter Ventevogel
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2022 20:183
  38. Severe mental illness (SMI), comprising schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and major depression, is associated with higher myocardial infarction (MI) mortality but lower coronary revascularisation rates. Previous...

    Authors: Kelly Fleetwood, Sarah H. Wild, Daniel J. Smith, Stewart W. Mercer, Kirsty Licence, Cathie L. M. Sudlow and Caroline A. Jackson
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2021 19:67
  39. Type 2 diabetes is associated with a variety of complications, including micro- and macrovascular complications, neurological manifestations and poor wound healing. Adhering to a Mediterranean Diet (MED) is ge...

    Authors: Changbo Qu, Jinyu Zhao, Jicai Lai, Xinxiang Wu, Peng Huang, Ting Zhu, Yan Li, Taoli Liu, Jinqiu Yuan, Ning Wang, Maikel P Peppelenbosch, Hongda Chen, Bin Xia and Jian Qin
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2024 22:224
  40. Pancreatitis is a critical public health problem, and the burden of pancreatitis is increasing. We report the rates and trends of the prevalence, incidence, and years lived with disability (YLDs) for pancreati...

    Authors: Guoqing Ouyang, Guangdong Pan, Qiang Liu, Yongrong Wu, Zhen Liu, Wuchang Lu, Shuai Li, Zheng Zhou and Yu Wen
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2020 18:388
  41. The EAT-Lancet Commission proposed a global reference diet with both human health benefits and environmental sustainability in 2019. However, evidence regarding the association of such a diet with the risk of ...

    Authors: Shunming Zhang, Anna Stubbendorff, Ulrika Ericson, Per Wändell, Kaijun Niu, Lu Qi, Yan Borné and Emily Sonestedt
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2023 21:280
  42. The frailty index (FI) is a well-recognized measurement for risk stratification in older people. Among middle-aged and older people, we examined the prospective association between the FI and mortality as well...

    Authors: R. C. Oude Voshaar, H. W. Jeuring, M. K. Borges, R. H. S. van den Brink, R. M. Marijnissen, E. O. Hoogendijk, B. van Munster and I. Aprahamian
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2021 19:29
  43. Metabolomics helps to identify links between environmental exposures and intermediate biomarkers of disturbed pathways. We previously reported variations in phosphatidylcholines in male smokers compared with n...

    Authors: Tao Xu, Christina Holzapfel, Xiao Dong, Erik Bader, Zhonghao Yu, Cornelia Prehn, Katrin Perstorfer, Marta Jaremek, Werner Roemisch-Margl, Wolfgang Rathmann, Yixue Li, H -Erich Wichmann, Henri Wallaschofski, Karl H Ladwig, Fabian Theis, Karsten Suhre…
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2013 11:60
  44. Previous studies suggested that moderate coffee and tea consumption are associated with lower risk of mortality. However, the association between the combination of coffee and tea consumption with the risk of ...

    Authors: Yanchun Chen, Yuan Zhang, Mengnan Zhang, Hongxi Yang and Yaogang Wang
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2022 20:449
  45. We identified 20 patient clusters across four age strata. The clusters with the highest mortality comprised psychoactive substance and alcohol misuse (aged 18–64); coronary heart...

    Authors: Yajing Zhu, Duncan Edwards, Jonathan Mant, Rupert A. Payne and Steven Kiddle
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2020 18:78
  46. This contemporary prospective cohort study included 339,902 adults without cardiovascular disease at baseline, recruited between 2006 and 2010 from the UK Biobank and followed until 2018–2020. The main exposures ...

    Authors: Laura Heath, Susan A. Jebb, Paul Aveyard and Carmen Piernas
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2022 20:65
  47. Gene-environment interactions have the potential to shed light on biological processes leading to disease, identify individuals for whom risk factors are most relevant, and improve the accuracy of epidemiologi...

    Authors: Olivia Fletcher and Frank Dudbridge
    Citation: BMC Medicine 2014 12:195