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  1. Content type: Research article

    Depression in tuberculosis increases the risk for adverse health outcomes. However, little is known about comorbid depression and tuberculosis in the general population. Thus, we assessed the association betwe...

    Authors: Ai Koyanagi, Davy Vancampfort, André F. Carvalho, Jordan E. DeVylder, Josep Maria Haro, Damiano Pizzol, Nicola Veronese and Brendon Stubbs

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2017 15:209

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Fiscal interventions are promising strategies to improve diets, reduce cardiovascular disease and diabetes (cardiometabolic diseases; CMD), and address health disparities. The aim of this study is to estimate ...

    Authors: José L. Peñalvo, Frederick Cudhea, Renata Micha, Colin D. Rehm, Ashkan Afshin, Laurie Whitsel, Parke Wilde, Tom Gaziano, Jonathan Pearson-Stuttard, Martin O’Flaherty, Simon Capewell and Dariush Mozaffarian

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2017 15:208

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis kills more people than any other infectious disease, and new regimens are essential. The primary endpoint for confirmatory phase III trials for new regimens is a composite outcome that includes ba...

    Authors: Patrick P. J. Phillips, Carl M. Mendel, Andrew J. Nunn, Timothy D. McHugh, Angela M. Crook, Robert Hunt, Anna Bateson and Stephen H. Gillespie

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2017 15:207

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Provision of routine iron supplements to prevent anaemia could increase the risk for lower genital tract infections as virulence of some pathogens depends on iron availability. This trial in Burkina Faso asses...

    Authors: Loretta Brabin, Stephen A. Roberts, Sabine Gies, Andrew Nelson, Salou Diallo, Christopher J. Stewart, Adama Kazienga, Julia Birtles, Sayouba Ouedraogo, Yves Claeys, Halidou Tinto, Umberto d’Alessandro, E. Brian Faragher and Bernard Brabin

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2017 15:206

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Telomere attrition is extremely rapid during the first years of life, while lifestyle during adulthood exerts a minor impact. This suggests that early life is an important period in the determination of telome...

    Authors: Esmée M. Bijnens, Maurice P. Zeegers, Catherine Derom, Dries S. Martens, Marij Gielen, Geja J. Hageman, Michelle Plusquin, Evert Thiery, Robert Vlietinck and Tim S. Nawrot

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2017 15:205

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) have revolutionized chronic hepatitis C (HCV) treatment, but real-world effectiveness among vulnerable populations, including uninsured patients, is lacking. This study was cond...

    Authors: Christina Yek, Carolina de la Flor, John Marshall, Cindy Zoellner, Grace Thompson, Lisa Quirk, Christian Mayorga, Barbara J. Turner, Amit G. Singal and Mamta K. Jain

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2017 15:204

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Accumulating evidence suggests that individual circulating saturated fatty acids (SFAs) are heterogeneous in their associations with cardio-metabolic diseases, but evidence about associations of SFAs with meta...

    Authors: Ju-Sheng Zheng, Stephen J. Sharp, Fumiaki Imamura, Albert Koulman, Matthias B. Schulze, Zheng Ye, Jules Griffin, Marcela Guevara, José María Huerta, Janine Kröger, Ivonne Sluijs, Antonio Agudo, Aurelio Barricarte, Heiner Boeing, Sandra Colorado-Yohar, Courtney Dow…

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2017 15:203

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  8. Content type: Research article

    The UK is dependent on international doctors, with a greater proportion of non-UK qualified doctors working in its universal health care system than in any other European country, except Ireland and Norway. Th...

    Authors: Aneez Esmail, Maria Panagioti and Evangelos Kontopantelis

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2017 15:191

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  9. Content type: Guideline

    Dietary assessment is complex, and strategies to select the most appropriate dietary assessment tool (DAT) in epidemiological research are needed. The DIETary Assessment Tool NETwork (DIET@NET) aimed to establ...

    Authors: Janet E. Cade, Marisol Warthon-Medina, Salwa Albar, Nisreen A. Alwan, Andrew Ness, Mark Roe, Petra A. Wark, Katharine Greathead, Victoria J. Burley, Paul Finglas, Laura Johnson, Polly Page, Katharine Roberts, Toni Steer, Jozef Hooson, Darren C. Greenwood…

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2017 15:202

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Childhood pneumonia is the leading infectious cause of mortality in children younger than 5 years old. Recent updates to World Health Organization pneumonia guidelines recommend outpatient care for a populatio...

    Authors: Timothy Tuti, Ambrose Agweyu, Paul Mwaniki, Niels Peek and Mike English

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2017 15:201

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Medicine 2017 15:212

  11. Content type: Research article

    While the United States has the largest number of children with type 1 diabetes mellitus, less is known regarding adult-onset disease. The present study utilizes nationwide data to compare the incidence of typ...

    Authors: Mary A. M. Rogers, Catherine Kim, Tanima Banerjee and Joyce M. Lee

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2017 15:199

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Obesity is common in young women, increasing insulin resistance (IR) and worsening pregnancy complications, including gestational diabetes (GDM). Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are commonly obese,...

    Authors: Nadira Sultana Kakoly, Arul Earnest, Lisa J. Moran, Helena J. Teede and Anju E. Joham

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2017 15:195

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  13. Content type: Research article

    All obese pregnant women are considered at equal high risk with respect to complications in pregnancy and birth, and are commonly managed through resource-intensive care pathways. However, the identification o...

    Authors: Matias C. Vieira, Sara L. White, Nashita Patel, Paul T. Seed, Annette L. Briley, Jane Sandall, Paul Welsh, Naveed Sattar, Scott M. Nelson, Debbie A. Lawlor, Lucilla Poston and Dharmintra Pasupathy

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2017 15:194

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  14. Content type: Research article

    HIV-associated immune defects inhibit tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis, promote development of extrapulmonary TB and paucibacillary pulmonary TB cases with atypical radiographic features, and increase TB relapse ra...

    Authors: Jia Fan, Hedong Zhang, Duc T. Nguyen, Christopher J. Lyon, Charles D. Mitchell, Zhen Zhao, Edward A. Graviss and Ye Hu

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2017 15:188

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Docetaxel, pemetrexed, erlotinib, and gefitinib are recommended as second-line treatment for advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with wild-type or unknown status for epidermal growth factor receptor (E...

    Authors: Perrine Créquit, Anna Chaimani, Amélie Yavchitz, Nassima Attiche, Jacques Cadranel, Ludovic Trinquart and Philippe Ravaud

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2017 15:193

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The use of early morning sputum samples (EMS) to diagnose tuberculosis (TB) can result in treatment delay given the need for the patient to return to the clinic with the EMS, increasing the chance of patients ...

    Authors: Michael E. Murphy, Patrick P. J. Phillips, Carl M. Mendel, Emily Bongard, Anna L. C. Bateson, Robert Hunt, Saraswathi Murthy, Kasha P. Singh, Michael Brown, Angela M. Crook, Andrew J. Nunn, Sarah K. Meredith, Marc Lipman, Timothy D. McHugh and Stephen H. Gillespie

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2017 15:192

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Asian medical students and doctors receive lower scores on average than their white counterparts in examinations in the UK and internationally (a phenomenon known as “differential attainment”). This could be d...

    Authors: Peter Yeates, Katherine Woolf, Emyr Benbow, Ben Davies, Mairhead Boohan and Kevin Eva

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2017 15:179

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    The Commentary to this article has been published in BMC Medicine 2017 15:190

  18. Content type: Commentary

    Given our increasingly diverse societies, there is an urgent need for research into the causes of persistent ethnic disparities in undergraduate clinical performance. It is argued that causes for underperforma...

    Authors: Karen M. Stegers-Jager

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2017 15:190

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    The original article was published in BMC Medicine 2017 15:179

  19. Content type: Research article

    This study has attempted to assess the effectiveness of quantitative faecal immunochemical tests (FIT) for triage of people presenting with lower abdominal symptoms, where a referral to secondary care for inve...

    Authors: Marie Westwood, Shona Lang, Nigel Armstrong, Sietze van Turenhout, Joaquín Cubiella, Lisa Stirk, Isaac Corro Ramos, Marianne Luyendijk, Remziye Zaim, Jos Kleijnen and Callum G. Fraser

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2017 15:189

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  20. Content type: Debate

    Physician-assisted dying has been the subject of extensive discussion and legislative activity both in Europe and North America. In this context, dying by voluntary stopping of eating and drinking (VSED) is of...

    Authors: Ralf J. Jox, Isra Black, Gian Domenico Borasio and Johanna Anneser

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2017 15:186

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    The Commentary to this article has been published in BMC Medicine 2017 15:187

  21. Content type: Commentary

    Jox and colleagues recently compared and contrasted two leading end-of-life exit options, namely voluntarily stopping eating and drinking (VSED) and medical aid in dying (MAID). The authors argue that policyma...

    Authors: Thaddeus Mason Pope

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2017 15:187

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    The original article was published in BMC Medicine 2017 15:186

    The original article was published in BMC Medicine 2017 15:186

  22. Content type: Research article

    Scale-up of malaria interventions over the last decade have yielded a significant reduction in malaria transmission and disease burden in sub-Saharan Africa. We estimated economic gradients in the distribution...

    Authors: Katya Galactionova, Thomas A. Smith, Don de Savigny and Melissa A. Penny

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2017 15:185

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  23. Content type: Research article

    One-third of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients show no response to infliximab (IFX) induction therapy, and approximately half of patients responding become unresponsive over time. Thus, identification ...

    Authors: Jacob Tveiten Bjerrum, Casper Steenholdt, Mark Ainsworth, Ole Haagen Nielsen, Michelle AC Reed, Karen Atkins, Ulrich Leonhard Günther, Fuhua Hao and Yulan Wang

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2017 15:184

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Expression of group A and the A-like subset of group B Plasmodium falciparum erythrocyte membrane protein 1 (PfEMP1) is associated with severe malaria (SM). The diversity of var sequences combined with the challe...

    Authors: Estela Shabani, Benjamin Hanisch, Robert O. Opoka, Thomas Lavstsen and Chandy C. John

    Citation: BMC Medicine 2017 15:183

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